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vocab s.s.

lesson 2-3

patrician a member of the noble families who controlled all power in the early years of the roman republic
plebian a common person
representative a person selected by the citizens to speak or act for them
senate the law making bodies and most powerful branch of government in ancient times
tribune an elected leader of ancient rome who represented the interests of most people
consul one or two elected officials of the roman republic who commanded the army and were supreme officials
Punic wars a series of conflicts between rome and Carthage in the 200s b.c., ending in a victory in rome
Twelve Tables the earliest written collection of roman laws, drawn up by patricians about 450 b.c., that became the foundation of roman law
Pax Romana a period of peace for the roman empirethat began with the rule of Augustus in about 27b.c. and lasted around 200 years
civil war a armed between groups within one country
dictator a ruler who has complete power
aqueduct a hight arched structure built to carry water over long distances
census a periodic count of all the people in a country, region, or other city
gladiator a roman athlete usually a slave, criminal, or prisoner of war forced to fight for the entertianment of the public
Julius Caesar roman general who became the republic's dictator in 45b.c.
Cleopatra ruler of the Egyption government in alexandra who backed Caesar in the civil war, she waged from49 to 50 b.c.
Augustus first roman emperor; won the civil war following in the assassination of Julius Caesar and went to unify the empire and establish the Pax Romana
Gaul an ancient region and roman providence that includes most of present day France
Colosseum a large stadium in ancient Rome where athletic events took place
Pantheon a large domed temple built in ancient Rome to honor many gods and goddesses
Pompeii an ancient city in southern Italy that was buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius
Created by: phils12