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Kasey2004 Flashcards

Chapter 10

gynecology the study of diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system
gynecologist the medical specialist for diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system
urologist the medical specialist involved in the diagnoses and treatment of the male genitourinary system
testosterone hormone produced by the testes
reproduction process of producing eggs and conceiving and carrying babies
orch/o testis (singular form), testes (pleural), testicles
orchid/o testis (singular form), testes (pleural), testicles
orchi/o testis (singular form), testes (pleural), testicles
prostat/o prostate gland
scrot/o scrotum
urethr/o urethra
vas/o vas deferens, vessel
balan/o glans penis
test/o testicles, testes
testicul/o testicles, testes
andr/o male
epididym/o epididymis
hydr/o water
semin/o seman
testicul/o testicles, testes
sperm/o sperm
spermat/o sperm
ur/o urine
olig/o few, deficient
varic/o enlarged, twisted veins
pub/o pubis, pubic bone
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
carcin/o cancer
oophro/o ovary
ovari/o ovary
salping/o fallopian tubes
uter/o uterus
hyster/o uterus
metri/o uterus
placent/o placenta
vagin/o vagina
colp/o vagina
gynec/o female, woman
gyn/o female, woman
men/o menstruation
cervic/o cervix
ov/o egg, ovum
oo/o egg, ovum
ov/i egg, ovum
epis/o vulva
vulv/o vulva
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
my/o muscle
fibr/o fibrous tissue, fiber
lapar/o abdominal wall
cry/o cold
a without
an without
intra within
epi upon, on
hypo beneath, below
hyper excessive
dys painful
supra above
trans across
endo within, inner
pre before
cyst/o cyst/sac
ual pertaining to
cele hernia, protrusion
oma tumor
plasty surgical repair
rrhea flow, discharge
trophy growth, development
ology study of
ologist specialist
ism condition
ia condition
osis condition
itis inflammation
ectomy surgical removal
graphy process of recording
rrhagia hemorrhage
arche onset, beginning
scopy examination with a scope
pexy surgical fixation
genitalia male external reproduction organs that include the penis, scrotum, and two testicles or testes
scrotum scrotal sac located posterior to the penis
testes male sex organs
spermatozoa sperm
epididymis a coiled tube that follows the length of the testicle where the sperm mature and pass into the vas deferens
penis male organ for sexual intercourse
glans penis the tip or head of the penis
vas deferens passes through the prostate gland and then joins with the urethra
seminal vesicles sac located at the base of the bladder and secrete a thick yellow fluid called seminal fluid (which is part of the semen that is discharged from the penis)
prostate gland walnut sized gland that is found under the bladder and secretes a thin milky fluid called prostatic fluid; also surrounds the urethra and improves sperm motility
Cowper's glands inferior to the prostate gland secrete mucus that provides lubrication during intercourse
urethra small tube that leads from the floor of the bladder to the exterior of the body
mons pubis rounded pad of fatty and connective tissue that is found over the symphysis pubis
labia majora two folds of fatty tissue that border the vulva
labia minora the inner highly vascular largely connective-tissue folds of the vulva
urethral meatus located below the clitoris and is the external opening or the urethra through which urine leaves the body
clitoris small female organ that contains sensitive erectile tissue
Bartholin's glands produce mucus for lubrication, located on either side of the inner vaginal opening
perineum found between the vaginal opening and the anus
hymen tissue membrane that covers the opening of the vagina either partially or completely
vagina elastic muscular tube found between the urethra and the rectum
uterus small firm pear shaped muscular organ located between the bladder and rectum
fundus upper portion of the uterus
corpus middle portion of the uterus
cervix lower portion of the uterus
womb also referred to as the uterus
perimetrium outer layer of tissue that makes up the uterus
myometrium middle layer of tissue that makes up the uterus
endometrium inner layer of tissue that makes up the uterus
ovaries female sex organs
fallopian tubes uterine tubes, open at one end into the uterus and the other into the cavity over the ovary
fimbriae finger like projections that help move the ovum from the ovary into the fallopian tube and then to the uterus
ovulation process in a normal menstrual cycle each month where the ovum matures and is released from the ovary
mammary glands are the breasts and function in the female as milk producing glands or lactiferous glands after childbirth
lactiferous ducts responsible for carrying the milk to the nipple
female reproductive cycle also called the menstrual cycle, lasts about 28 days
obstetrician specialist who cares for women during pregnancy from conception to delivery
obstetrics study of birth
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
orchitis inflammation of the testes
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate gland
anorchism absence of one or both testes
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) non cancerous abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland
hydrocele pocket filled with fluid around the testicles
prostate carcinoma cancer of the prostate gland
impotence inability to achieve or maintain a penile erection
phimosis narrowing of the opening of the foreskin preventing it from being pulled back
varicocele abnormal enlargement of the vein of the testicles
oligospermia (low sperm count) abnormal low number of sperm in the semen
sexually transmitted disease (STD) a disease that is transmitted from one person to another during sexual contact (ex. gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes)
azoospermia absence of sperm in the semen
castration surgical removal of the testicles
circumcision surgical procedure to remove the foreskin
epididymectomy surgical removal of the epididymis
orchidectomy surgical removal of the testes
semen analysis examination of semen specimen for abnormality
suprapubic prostatectomy surgical removal of the prostate gland through an incision above the pubic bone
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP or TUR) surgical removal of the prostate gland by inserting an instrument in and through the urethra
vasectomy surgical removal of all or part of the vas deferens
prostate specific antigen (PSA) laboratory blood test to screen for prostate cancer
amenorrhea absence of menstrual flow
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual flow
endometriosis tissue from the endometrium occurs abnormally in other pelvic locations
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy in the fallopian tube, outside the uterus
fibroids benign tumors in the uterus
menorrhagia excessive bleeding during menstruation
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) infection in the pelvis
salpingitis inflammation of the fallopian tubes
cervical carcinoma cancer of the cervix
cystocele herniation of the urinary bladder into the vaginal wall
fibrocystic breast disease finding of fluid filled cysts cysts in the breasts
menometrorrhagia excessive bleeding during and between the normal menstrual cycle
oophoritis inflammation of the ovaries
retroversion of the uterus backward displacement of the uterus
polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) enlargement of the ovaries due to the presence of many cysts
uterine prolapse falling down of the uterus causing protrusion
colporrhexis laceration of the vagina
vulvodynia syndrome of burning, pain of the vulva on a chronic basis
mastitis inflammation of the breast
premenstrual syndromes (PMS) symptoms within the 2 week period prior to menstruation including mood swings, edema, headaches, bleeding
colposcopy examination of the vaginal/cervical tissue using an endoscope
cryosurgery destruction/removal of tissue by rapid freezing
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
laparoscopy examination of the contents of the abdominal/pelvic cavities using an endoscope
mammography x-ray examination of the soft tissue of the breast
mastectomy surgical removal of the breast and surrounding tissue
oophoropexy surgical fixation of the ovary
salpingo-oophorectomy surgical removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries
D&C dilatation and curettage
gyn gynecology
pap smear papanicolaou smear detects/diagnosis of conditions of the cervix and surrounding tissue
BSE breast self exam
tubal ligation surgical procedure for the purpose of female sterilization
HRT hormone replacement therapy
endovaginal ultrasound test to determine cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding
conization/cone biopsy surgical removal of a cone shaped section of tissue from the cervix
colporrhaphy suturing the vagina
vaginoplasty surgical repair of the vagina
TVH total vaginal hysterectomy
hysteroscopy direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus using an endoscope
Created by: Kasey2004