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Worsham Ethics Q1

QuestionAnswer
Ethics brand of phil. dealing with values relating to human conduct
the legal def. of ethics addresses rightness and wrongness of actions and goodness or badness of motive
philosophy set of ideas, values & oppinions of individuals or groups
values beliefs held in high esteem
moral rules have to do with right and wrong
rules of prudence self interest
what are some sources of rules OSHA, State Dept, IRS, FTC, NFDA
what is the base for Freud's formation of personality id
what is the middle of Freud's formation of personality ego
what is the top of Freud's formation of personality superego
what are the traits of the id selfish part of oneself, primal urges such as aggresion, sex, self-serving, self-centered, immediate gradification
what are the traits of the ego modifies, softens, controls id by acting as a buffer
what are the traits of the superego provides a picture in mind of what is right, values, etc. consideration of others
what concept did Jean Pioget come up with operatinal thought and developmental stages
how many stages does Pioget have four
Pioget's stage 1, give a brief description sensorimoter, no judgement acting as senses dictate
Pioget's stage 2, brief description pre-operation, use of tools from age 2 and up
Pioget's stage 3, brief description concrete operational, catagorizing/multiple meaning, age 7 and up
Pioget's state 4, brief description formal operational abstract thinking/ critical thinking, intensions become important age 12 and up.
at what age do children start to see that rules are not absolute and question if it is right or fair 10 or 11
conventional thought convensions of social groups one lives in, consider what is good for society or social group
preconventional thought all about me, exchange in value, reward and punishment
postconventional thought what is good for the world
Kohlberg come up with ____ levels and ___ stages 4, 6
Kohlberg's level 0, description pre moral, reactive
Kohlberg's level 1, description preconventional thinking, only consider oneself
Kohlberg's stage 1 obediance & punishment
Kohlberg's stage 2 individualism & exchange, do for others to get something in return
Kohlberg's level 2 conventional morality
Kohlberg's stage 3 good interpersonal relationships, more then simple deeds (love, trust, respect)
Kohlberg's stage 4 maintain social order, start acknowledging community, obey law b/c it's the right thing to do
Kohlberg's level 3 post-conventional, beyond conventions of society
Kohlberg's stage 5 social contract and family rights
Kohlberg's stage 6 universal principals
what are some examples of where codes of ethics come from personal, professional, motives, society
theistic principals in place/based on religion (God based)
nontheistic principals that would be in place with or without God (not God based)
citizenship rights and responsiblities that come from membership
golden rule do onto others as you would have them do on to you
platinum rule do onto others as they would have you do onto them
public disclusure test before you do something stop and think "what would happen if .....was the head line" or if you can't tell someone what you are doing/gonna do, should it be done
universalization test considers others. If everybody did what I'm going to do, would the world be a better place
whistle blower an employee with inside knowledge of illegal or unethical goings on
no fear act protects snitches. Identifies a whistle blower and protects them from retaliation
conventional morality rules set forth by a social group
post conventional morality 1-individual rights 2-good for the group
Created by: Schael Hix Beltran Schael Hix Beltran on 2011-05-23



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