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MedTerm 1-8

Medical Terminology 1-8

a- without
ab-, abs- away from
ad- toward, to
ambi- both, around
an- without
ana- up, toward
ante- before
anti- against
apo- derived, separate
aut(o)- self
bi- twice, double
brachy- short
brady- slow
cata- down
circum- around
co-, col-, com-, con-, cor- together
contra- against
de- away from
di-, dif-, dir, dis- not, separated
dia- through
dys- abnormal; difficult
ect(o)- outside
end(o)- within
epi- over
eu- well, good, normal
ex- out of, away from
exo- external, on the outside
extra- without, outside of
hemi- half
hyper- above normal; overly
hypo- below normal
infra- positioned beneath
inter- between
intra- within
iso- equal; same
mal- bad; inadequate
meg(a)-, megal(o)- large
mes(o)- middle, median
meta- after
micr(o)- small, microscopic
mon(o)- single
multi- many
olig(o)- few; little; scanty
pan-, pant(o)- all, entire
par(a)- beside; abnormal; involving two parts
per- through, intensely
peri- around, about, near
pluri- several, more
poly- many
post- after, following
pre- before
pro- before, forward
quadra-, quadri- four
re- again, backward
retro- behind, backward
semi- half
sub- less than, under, inferior
super- more than, above, superior
supra- above, over
syl-, sym-, syn-, sys- together
tachy- fast
trans- across, through
ultra- beyond, excessive
un- not
uni- one
-ad toward
-algia pain
-clast breaking
-clasis breaking
-cide destroying, killing
-cidal destroying, killing
-cele hernia
-blast immature, forming
-asthenia weakness
-crine secreting
-crit separate
-cyte cell
-cytosis condition of the cells
-derma skin
-desis binding
-dynia pain
-ecstasia expansion; dilation
-ectomy removal of
-edema swelling
-ema condition
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood
-emic relating to blood
-esthesia sensation
-form in the shape of
-gen producing, coming to be
-genesis production of
-genic producing
-globin protein
-globulin protein
-gram a recording
-graphy process of recording
-graph recording instrument
-iasis pathological condition or state
-ic pertaining to
-ics treatment, practice, body of knowledge
-ism condition, disease, doctrine
itis (pl. -itides) inflammation
-kinesia movement
-kinesis movement
-lepsy condition of
-leptic having seizures
-logist one who practices
-logy study, practice
-lysis destruction of
-lyctic destroying
-malacia softening
-mania obsession
-megaly enlargement
-meter measuring device
-metry measurement
-oid like, resembling
-oma(pl. -omata) tumor, neoplasm
-opia vision
-opsia vision
-opsy view of
-osis (pl. - oses) condition, state, process
-ostomy opening
-oxia oxygen
-para bearing
-parous producing; bearing
-paresis slight paralysis
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency
-pepsia digestion
-pexy fixation, usually done surgically
-phage, -phagia, - phagy eating, devouring
-phasia speaking
-pheresis removal
-phil attraction; affinity for
-philia attraction; affinity for
-phobia fear
-phonia sound
-phoresis carrying
-phoria feeling; carrying
-phrenia of the mind
-phthisis wasting away
-phylaxis protection
-physis growing
-plakia plaque
-plasia formation
-plasm formation
-plastic forming
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
-plegic one who is paralyzed
-pnea breath
-poiesis formation
-poietin one that forms
-poietic forming
-porosis lessening in density
-ptosis falling down; drooping
-rrhage discharging heavily
-rrhagia heavy discharge
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhea a flowing, a flux
-rrhexis rupture
-schisis splitting
-scope instrument for observing
-scopy use of an instrument for observing
-somnia sleep
-spasm contraction
-stalsis contraction
-stasis stopping; constant
-stat agent to maintain a state
-static maintaining a state
-stenosis narrowing
-stomy opening
-tome cutting instrument, segment
-tomy cutting operation
-trophic nutritional
-trophy nutrition
-tropia turning
-tropic turning toward
-tropy condition of turning toward
-uria urine
-version turning
acanth(o) spiny; thorny
actin(o) light
aer(o) air; gas
alge, algesi, algio, algo pain
amyl(o) starch
andro masculine
athero plaque; fatty substance
bacill(i) bacilli; bacteria
bacteri(o) bacteria
bar(o) weight; pressure
bas(o), basi(o) base
bio life
blasto immature cells
cac(o) bad; ill
calc(o), calci(o) calcium
carcin(o) cancer
chem(o) chemical
chlor(o) chlorine, green
chyl(o) chyle, a digestive juice
chrono time
chrom, chromat, chromo color
chore(o) dance
chlondrio, chondro Cartilage, grainy, gritty
chym(o) chyme, semifluid present during digestion
cine(o) movement
coni(o) dust
crin(o) secrete
cry(o) cold
crypt(o) hidden; obscure
cyan(o) blue
cycl(o) circle; cycle; ciliary body
cyst(o), cysti bladder, cyst, cystic duct
cyt(o) cell
dextr(o) right, toward the right
dips(o) thirst
dors(o), dorsi back
dynamo force; energy
echo reflected sound
electr(o) electricity; electric
eosin(o) red; rosy
ergo work
erythr(o) red, redness
esthesio sensation, perception
ethmo ethmoid bone
etio cause
fibr(o) fiber
fluor(o) light; luminous; flourine
fungi fungus
galact(o) milk
gen(o) producing; being born
gero(o), geront(o) old age
gluco glucose
glyco sugars
gonio angle
granulo granular
gyn(o), gyne, gyneco women
home(o), homo same; constant
hydr(o) hydrogen, water
hypn(o) sleep
iatr(o) physician; treatment
ichthy(o) dry; scaly; fish
idio distinct; unknown
immun(o) safe; immune
kal(i) potassium
karyo nucleus
ket(o), keton(o) ketone; acetone
kin(o), kine movement
kinesi(o), kineso motion
kyph(o) humpback
lact(o), lacti milk
latero lateral, to one side
lepto light, frail, thin
leuk(o) white
lip(o) fat
lith(o) stone
log(o) speech, words, thought
lys(o) dissolution
macr(o) large; long
media(o) middle; medial plane
mega(o), megal(o) large; million
melan(o) black; dark
mes(o) middle; median
micr(o) small; one-millionth; tiny
mio smaller; less
morph(o) structure; shape
narco sleep; numbness
necr(o) death; dying
noct(i) night
nucle(o) nucleus
normo normal
oncho, onco tumor
nyct(o) night
oxy sharp; acute; oxygen
orth(o) straight; normal
path(o) disease
pachy thick
phago eating; devouring; swllowing
pharmaco drugs; medicine
phono(o) south; voice; speech
phot(o) light
physi, physio physical; natural
physo air; gas; growing
phyt(o) plant
plasma; plasmo formative; plasma
poikilo varied; irregular
pyo pus
pseud(o) false
pyro fever; fire; heat
pyreto fever
salping(o) tube
radio radiation; x-ray; radius
schiz(o) split; division
schisto split
scolio crooked; bent
scler(o) hardness; hardening
sidero iron
scoto darkness
somat(o) body
sito food; grain
sono sound
som(o), somni sleep
spher(o) round; spherical
spasmo spasm
squamo scale; squamous
spir(o) breath; breathe
steno narrowness
staphyl(o) grapelike clusters
strepto twisted chains; streptococci
stere(o) three-dimensional
styl(o) peg-shaped
syring(o) tube
tel(o), tele(o) distant; end; complete
terato monster (as a malformed fetus)
therm(o) heat
tono tension; pressure
top(o) place; topical
tox(i), toxico, toxo poison; toxin
tropho food; nutrition
vivi life
xanth(o) yellow
xeno stranger
xer(o) dry
xiph sword; xiphoid
zo(o) life
zymo(o) fermentation; enzyme
abdomin(o) abdomen
acetabul(o) cup-shaped hip socket
aden(o) gland
adip(o) fat
adren(o) adrenal glands
alveol(o) air sac, alveolus
angi (o) vessel
aort(o) aorta
appendic(o) appendix
arteri(o) artery
arteriol(o) arteriole
arthr(o) joint; articulation
aur(i), auricul(o) ear
blephar(o) eyelid
brachi(o) arm
bronch(o), bronchi bronchus
bucc(o) cheek
burs(o) bursa
calcane(o) heel bone
cardi(o) heart; esophageal opening of the stomach
carp(o) wrist bones
celi(o) abdomen
cephal(o) head
cerebell(o) cerebellum
cerebr(o) cerebrum
cervic(o) neck; cervix
cheil(o), chil(o) lip
chir(o) hand
chol(e), cholo bile
chondri(o), chondr(o) cartilage
col(o), colon(o) colon
colp(o) vagina
core(o) pupil
cortic(o) cortex
costi, costo rib
crani(o) cranium
cysti(i), cysto bladder; cyst
cyt(o) cell
dactyl(o) fingers, toes
dent(i), dento tooth
derm(o), derma, dermat(o) skin
duoden(o) duodenum
encephal(o) brain
enter(o) intestines
episi(o) vulva
gastr(o) stomach
gingiv(o) gum
gloss(o) tongue
gnath(o) jaw
gonad(o) sex glands
hem(a), hemat(o), hemo blood
hepat(o), hepactic(o) liver
hidr(o) sweat
histi(o), histo tissue
hyster(o) uterus, hysteria
ile(o) ileum
ili(o) ilium
inguin(o) groin
irid(o) iris
ischi(o) ischium
kary(o) nucleus
kerat(o) cornea
labio(o) lip
lamin(o) lamina
lapar(o) abdominal wall
laryng(o) larynx
linguo tongue
lip(o) fat
lympho(o) lymph
mast(o) breast
maxill(o) maxilla
medull(o) medulla
mening(o) meninges
muco mucus
my(o) muscle
myel(o) spinal cord; bone marrow
nephr(o) kidney
neur, neuro nerve
oculo eye
odont(o) tooth
onych(o) nail
oo egg
oophor(o) ovary
ophthalm(o) eye
opto, optico eye; sight
or(o) mouth
orchi(o), orchido testis
osseo, ossi bone
ost(e), osteo bone
ot(o) ear
ovari(o) ovary
ovi, ovo egg; ova
ped(o), pedi foot; child
pelvi(o), pelvo pelvic bone; hip
pharyng(o) pharynx
phleb(o) vein
phren(o), phreni, phrenico mind; diaphragm
pil(o) hair
plasma, plasmo, plasmat(o) plasma
pleur(o), pleura rib; side; pleura
pneum(a), pneumat(o), pneuo, pneumon(o) lungs; air; breathing
pod(o) foot
proct(o) anus
psych(o), psyche mind
pulmon(o) lung
pyel(o) renal pelvis
rachi(o) spine
rect(o) rectum
reni, reno kidney
rhin(o) nose
sacr(o) sacrum
sarco fleshy tissue; muscle
scler(o) sclera
sial(o) salivary glands; saliva
sigmoid(o) sigmoid colon
somat(o) body
sperma, spermato, spermo semen; spermatozoa
splanchn(o), splanchi viscera
splen(o) spleen
spondyl(o) vertebra
stern(o) sternum
steth(o) chest
stom(a), stomat(o) mouth
ten(o), tendin(o), tendo, tenon(o) tendon
test(o) testis
thorac(o), thoracico thorax, chest
thym(o) thymus gland
thyr(o) thyroid gland
trache(o) trachea
trachel(o) neck
trich(o), trichi hair
varico varicosity
vas(o) blood vessel, duct
vasculo blood vessel
veni, veno vein
ventricul(o) ventricle
vertebro vertebra
vesic(o) bladder
adip(o) fatty
dermat(o) skin
derm(o) skin
hidr(o) swear, sweat glands
ichthy(o) fish, scaly
kerat(o) horny tissue
lip(o) fatty
melan(o) black, very dark
myc(o) fungus
onych(o) nail
pil(o) hair
seb(o) sebum, sebaceous glands
steat(o0 fat
trich(o) hair
xanth(o) yellow
xer(o) dry
acetabulo(o) acetabulum
acromi(o) end point of the scapula
ankyl(o) bent, crooked
arthr(o) joint
brachi(o) arm
burs(o) bursa
calcane(o) heel
calci(o) calcium
carp(o) wrist
cephal(o) head
cervic(o) neck
chondr(o) cartilage
condyl(o) knob, knuckle
cost(o) rib
crani(o) skull
dactyl(o) fingers, toes
fasci(o) fascia
femor(o) femur
fibr(o) fiber
humer(o) humerus
ili(o) ilium
ischi(o) ischium
kyph(o) hump; bent
lamin(o) lamina
leiomy(o) smooth muscle
lumb(o) lumbar
maxill(o) upper jaw
metacarp(o) metacarpal
my(o) muscle
myel(o) spinal cord; bone marrow
oste(o) bone
patell(o) knee
ped(i), pedo- foot
pelv(i) pelvis
phalang(o) finger or toe bone
pod(o) foot
pub(o) pubis
rachi(o) spine
radi(o) forearm bone
rhabd(o) rod-shaped
rhabdomy(o) striated muscle
scapul(o) scapula
scoli(o) curved
spondyl(o) vertebra
stern(o) sternum
synov(o) synovial membrane
tars(o) tarsus
ten(o), tend(o), tendin(o) tendon
thorac(o) thorax
tibi(o) tibia
uln(o) ulna
vertebr(o) vertebra
angi(o) blood vessel
aort(o) aorta
arteri(o), arter(o) artery
ather(o) fatty matter
atri(o) atrium
cardi(o) heart
hemangi(o) blood vessel
pericardi(o0 pericardium
phleb(o) vein
sphygm(o0 pulse
thromb(o) blood clot
vas(o) blood vessel
ven(o) vein
adenoid(o) adenoid, gland
alveol(o) alveolus
bronch(o), bronchi(o) bronchus
bronchiol(o) bronchiole
capn(o) carbon dioxide
epiglott(o) epiglottis
laryng(o) larynx
lob(o) lobe of the lung
mediastin(o) mediastinum
nas(o) nose
or(o) mouth
ox(o), oxi-, oxy oxygen
pharyng(o) pharynx
phon(o) voice, sound
phren(o) diaphragm
pleur(o) pleura
pneum(o), pneumon(o) air, lung
rhin(o) nose
spir(o) breathing
steth(o) chest
thoract(o) thorax, chest
tonsill(o) tonsils
trache(o) trachea
cerebell(o) cerebellum
cerebr(o), cerebri cerebrum
crani(o) cranium
encephal(o) brain
gangli(o) ganglion
gli(o) neuroglia
mening(o), meningi(o) meninges
myel(o) bone marrow, spinal cord
ventricul(o) ventricle
thalam(o) thalamus
vag(o) vagus nerve
neur(o), neuri nerve
spin(o) spine
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