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C&E EOC Court Cases

Suprme Court Cases Review

evidence seized from a person’s residence without a search warrant cannot be used in trial (exclusionary rule-4th Amendment) Mapp v. Ohio, 1961
ruled “separate but equal” facilities were okay; overturned by Brown v. Board of Education Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896
prayer in public school instituted by the state-even one that is voluntary- is a violation of the 1st Amendment freedom of religion Engle v. Vitale, 1962
established judicial review-power of court to rule something unconstitutional during a trial and get rid of it (made Courts equal in power to other branches/ important check and balance of power) Marbury v. Madison, 1803
citizens have the right to legal counsel (lawyer) in a criminal case, even if they can’t afford it (6th Amendment) Gideon v. Wainwright, 1963
legalized abortion- a woman’s right to privacy Roe v. Wade, 1973
the Elastic Clause allowed Congress to establish a national bank because it was an action that was “necessary and proper” for carrying out its constitutional duties-reinforced implied powers and the Supremacy Clause McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
established the Miranda Rule, must be read rights when arrested: you have the right to an attorney and the right to refrain from self-incrimination (5th Amendment) Miranda v. Arizona, 1966
censorship of school newspaper-limits freedom of speech and press Hazelwood v. Kulmeier, 1988
equal distribution of wealth to low-income school districts; funds come from property taxes-so rich areas received more money; the case wanted the state government to make up this difference in funds-based on N.C. Constitution right to an education Leandro Case, 1994
schools only need a reasonable cause to search students (limit to students 4th Amendment Rights) New Jersey v. TLO, 1985
questioned the constitutionality of sending certain groups of citizens to interment camps in order to protect national security; Japanese Americans living on the West Coast during WWII were forced to move to interment camps Korematsu v. US, 1944
desegregated public schools-overturning Plessy v. Ferguson decision of “separate but equal” (14th Amendment-equal protection under the law) Brown v. Board of Education, 1954
legal to burn American flag in protest-freedom of speech Texas v. Johnson, 1989
student behavior that is not disruptive to the learning environment is protected by freedom of speech or expression; students had been wearing armbands to protest Vietnam War Tinker v. Des Moines School Board, 1969
about redrawing school districts to avoid segregation; decision allowed busing as a means for integrating public schools Swann v. Charlotte Mecklenburg Board of Education, 1969
“Steamboat Case”-ruling established that only the federal government can regulate interstate trade (Supremacy Clause) Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824
Nixon was ordered to hand over taped conversations implicating him in the Watergate Scandal (leads to his resignation); demonstrated the concept of rule of law Nixon v. US, 1974
ruled that slaves were property-could not sue in court, Missouri Compromise unconstitutional Dredd Scott v. Sanford, 1846
Jackson refuses to uphold the Court's ruling and the Cherokee are forced to move to the Oklahoma Territory-Trail of Tears Worcester v. Georgia, 1832
Created by: tsparks