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Funeral History

Final 3rd Qtr

The study of past events & cultures and their influence on present conditions usually through the use of written records History
What are common beliefs among all cultures? *Some sort of afterlife *Careful reverent treatment of the dead *Separate cemeteries *Ambivalent feelings towards the dead *Class distinctions in burial
Anything made by human hands Artifact
City of the Dead Necropolis
Egyptian Judge of the Dead Osiris
Egyptian Guardian of the Dead, God of Mummification/Embalming Anubis
Egyptian personal life force that would cease living if the body decomposed Ka
The Egyptian personal double or personality Ba
Item used by the Egyptian deceased to pass from death and to the judgement hall Book of the Dead
How did the Egyptians bury their dead? Directly in the sand which leads to natural mummification
An Egyptian underground tomb with a building above it that visiers and advisers were placed in Mastaba
Naturally occurring salt deposits in the Nile delta that were used for antiseptic and desiccating purposes Natron
Father of History who wrote down the first Egyptian account of embalming and said the embalmers were their own profession in Egypt Herodotus
Head Egyptian priest who did the embalming and said spells and incantations over the body Kher-Heb
Egyptian prep room Wabt
Ceramic jars that held Egyptians viscera in their burial tombs Canopic Jars
Egyptian stone outer burial vault, "Flesh Swallower" Sarcophagus
Egyptian tombs cut from cliffsides ex: Valley of the Kings Rock Cut Tombs (Hypogea)
Egyptian burial chambers arranged around a courtyard like an Egyptian home "Saff" Tomb ("Row" Tomb)
Personal items placed with the deceased ex: jewelry, weapons, furniture, game boards, food/beverages Grave Goods
Little Egyptian statuettes that they believed would be servants in the afterlife Ushabtis
How did the Egyptians influence our time with funeral customs? *First to preserve the dead on purpose *First to utilize decorated vaults, coffins, entombments, funeral banquets, floral tributes
Greek underworld bordered by four rivers Hades
Name the four rivers surrounding Hades Styx, Acheron, Lethe, Cocytus
The deepest part of Hades Tartarus
Place the dead go that is a version of Greek paradise Elysian Fields
The boatman of the river Styx Charon *he is paid by placing an obol in the mouth of the dead
Name the two Greek mystery religions *Cult of Dionysos-Dying & Rising God *Cult of Demeter-Resurrection Goddess
Name the first major culture to practice cremation Greeks
Greek monument; upright tablet type monument that cremains are buried underneath Stela
Greek monument; round column-like monument with a bust on top of the deceased, given to very important people or those who won a wreath at the games Kionis
Greek monument; box-like and the urn goes inside Trapazae
Greek monument; more elaborate trapazae that looks like a Greek temple Naida
Roman belief that everything has a soul Animism *Anima-soul
Describe the Epicureans *Denied the survival of the soul after death *Believed you should enjoy life while you had it *Common among those with wealth
Roman underground tunnels around the city in the valleys used for burial Catacombs
Main Roman funeral director Libitudinarious
Roman embalmer Pollinctor
The Roman general assistant to organize the funeral procession Designator
The Roman announcer who would let the public know the funeral was processing Praeco
Roman torch bearer during night processions Funerales
The place where spirits would go in the Jewish afterlife (like hades) Sheol
How were Viking warriors bodies disposed of after death? They were laid out in their long boats with their grave goods and put out to sea and set aflame.
The person who took care of the church, cemeteries and some undertakers duties during the middle ages Sexton
What disease wiped out a large chunk of European population during the middle ages? Yersinia pestis aka The Black Plague
Where were the plague victims buried? In cemeteries established outside the city limits
A guild established that people could join for a yearly fee that would give them a burial and would pay for the repose of their souls after death Poor Souls Guild
What profession took care of embalming during the middle ages? The Barber Surgeons
Created by: sbarton