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LOM Ch 18 Vocab

Pathology and Misc Endocrine System

hyperthyroidism overactivity of the thyroid gland; thyrotoxicosis; Grave's disease
hypothyroidism underactivity of the thyroid gland; myxedema (adult) cretinism (child)
hyperparathyroidism excessive production of parathormone; hypercalcemia
hypoparathyroidism hypocalcemia
adrenal virilism excessive secretion of adrenal androgens
Cushing syndrome excess cortisol; obesity, moon-like fullness of the face
Addison disease hypofunctioning of adrenal cortex; malaise, weakness, muscle atrophy;
pheochromocytoma benign tumor of the adrenal medulla; symptoms are hypertension, palpitations, headaches, sweating, flushing, muscle spasms
hyperinsulinism excess secretion of insulin causing hypoglycemia
diabetes mellitus (DM) lack of insulin secretion Type 1: onset usually in early childhood; rapid onset, little or no insulin production, ketoacidosis, polyuria Type 2: usually adult onset; gradual onset; obesity common; insulin resistance / deficiency of insulin secretion
acromegaly hypersection of growth hormone after puberty leads to enlargment of extremities
gigantism hypersecrtion of growth hormone before puberty
dwarfism congenital hyposecretion of grtoh hormone
panhypopituitarism deficiency of all pituitary hormones
diabetes insipidus (DI) insufficient secretion of ADH
Created by: cskinner