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The Western Rebelion

History HY1

What triggered the rebellion? William Body started to investigate chantries, he destroyed some church images which angered people and he was murdered in Cornwall.
How did the gentry and authorities control the disturbance? Authorities hanged 10 men for the crime and gentry controlled the disturbance but the atmosphere was tense in the area.
What actually started the rebellion? The introduction of the new 1549 Prayer book on Whit Sunday started the rebellion
What happened in Cornwall? In Cornwall, Protesters led by Arundell wrote a list of articles, the crowd then marched to Devon and persuaded the priest of Sampford Courtenay to say a traditional Catholic Mass.
What happened at 20th June? 20th June, Rebels gathered at Crediton.
How did the government try to deal with the events happening? The government sent Sir Peter Carew to meet the rebels, he made the situation worse because he was Protestant and he was forced to flee to London.
What did the rebels do after? Rebels moved to Exeter. there was also a group at Clyst St Mary. Two members of the Gentry calmed the situation by agreeing religion should remain the same as in Henry VIII's reign.
How did Somerset respond to the events happening? Somerset had limited resources and little information about what was happening, he had to deal with enclosure riots, defend the Scottish boarder and defend the south coast against the French.
Who did Somerset ask for help? Somerset asked Lord Russell to find a peaceful settlement meanwhile Exeter managed to defend itself against rebel attacks for six weeks.
What did Russell actually do to help? Russell did little but made one last attempt to reason with the rebels in July, he was sent more soldiers and Somerset pressured him to march against the rebels.
Where did the fighting begin? Both side fought at Fenny Bridges, Clyst St Mary and Clyst Heath, the rebels were pushed back.
What happened to Exeter? Exeter was freed and more reinforcements arrived led by Sir William Herbert.
What was Russell forced to do? As the French had declared War on England, Somerset told Russell to crush the rebels.
When and where the rebels finally defeated? Rebels were defeated at Sampford Courtenay on the 16th August. 43,000 people were killed in the battle.
What was the central issue of the rebellion? the central issue of the rebellion was religious causes, rebels demanded the re-introduction of Catholicism. things such as, The Act of Six articles, Use of Latin, Communion in one kind, Prayers for the dead, Mass every Sunday.
What made people realise how much religion had actually changed? The removal of images and the introduction of the 1549 Prayer books showed people how much religion had changed. They knew nothing about Protestantism and called the prayer book a 'Christmas game'
What other factors caused the rebellion? Economic causes were very important, specially in early stages. there was complaints about taxes on sheep and cloth, rumours of further tax and complains about food prices which the commons were not happy about.
Any personal reasons for the rebellion? There was also personality clashes, Body's attitude angered people.
What were the main reasons for the failure of the rebellion? There was no attempt to co-ordinate rebel groups from across the country. the rebellions were not directed at the Monarch, there was no call for Edward to be replaced. There was no March on London.
what other reasons were important factors for the failure of the rebellion? The government always had control of its forces, there was little noble or gentry leadership and the rebels tactics were not well through out.
Created by: rosemayz