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Urinary System KT

Urinary System also known as the excretory system, it's responsible for removing certain wastes, and excess fluids from the body and for maintaining the body's acid base balance.
Kidneys two beans shaped column, behind the upper part of the abdominal cavity, and separated from this cavity by the peritoneum cavity. Protected by a heavy cushion of fat and ribs and is held together by connective tissue
Adipose each kidney is enclosed in a mass of fatty tissue called a adipose capsule
Renal fascia the adipose capsule is covered by a tough, fibrous tissue
cortex the outer section of the kidney, contains most of the nephrons, which aid in the production of urine
medulla the inner section of the kidney, contains most of the tubules, which carry the urine from the nephrons through the kidney
glomerulus a cluster of capillaries, which when blood passes through it, it filters salt and sugar out of the blood
bowman's capsule a c-shaped that surrounds the glomerulus and is the start of the convoluted tubule
renal pelvis a funnel shaped structure which is the first section of the ureter
ureters two muscular tubes approximately 10 to 12 inches in length extends from the renal pelvis of each kidney to the bladder
bladder a hollow, muscular sac that lies behind the symphysis pubis and at the middle of the pelvic cavity
urethra a tube that carries the urine from the bladder to the outside. The female is shorter than the males.
urinary meatus the external opening, different between boys and girls
urine the liquid waste product produce by urinary system 95% percent water
polyuria excessive urinarion
oliguria below normal amounts of urination
anuria absence of urination
hematuria blood in the urine
pyuria pus in the urine
nocturia urination at night
dysuria painful urination
retention inability to empty bladder
incontinence involuntary urination
foley catheter a long tube you insert in the kidney and urethra make a pathway of urine
proteinuria protein in the urine
Created by: Sergiosaurs