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LOM Ch 5 Vocab


anorexia lack of appetite
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
borborygmus rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gass, fluid, or both in the GI tract
constipation difficulty passing stools
diarrhea frequent passage of loose, watery stools
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
eructation gas expelled from stomach through the mouth
flatus gas expelled through the anus
hematochezia passage of fresh bright red blood from the rectum
jaundice (icterus) yellow-orange coloration of the skin and whites of eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood
melena black tarry stools from digested blood
nausea unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated with tendency to vomit
steatorrhea fat in the feces (frothy, foul smelling fecal matter)
aphthougs stomatitis inflammation of mouth with small painful ulcers (cankers)
dental caries tooth decay
herpetic stomatitis inflammation of the mouth caused by infection with herpes virus
oral leukoplakia white plaque or patches on the mucosa of the mouth
peridontal disease inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bone
achalasia faliure of the lower esophagus sphincter muscle to relax
esophageal cancer malignant tumor of the esophagus
esophageal varices varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach
hernia protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it
peptic ulcer open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum
anal fistula abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus
colonic polyps polyps (benign growths) protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon
Crohn's Disease chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
diverticulosis abnormal outpoucings in the intestinal wass
dystenery painful inflamed intestines
hemorrhoids varicose veins in the rectal region
ileus loss of peristalsis
intussesception telescoping of the intestines
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) group of GI symptoms associated with stress and tendion
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers
volvulus twisting of the intestine on itself
cholelithiasis gallstones in the gallbladder
cirrhosis chronic degenerative disease of the liver
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
viral hepatitis inflammation of the liver caused by a virus (HEP A B C)
Created by: cskinner