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nutritionfinal1

all quizzes chapter 5,6, 13,

QuestionAnswer
Which of the floowing psychiatric disorders causes the most deaths among women? anorexia nervosa
Which of the following eating disorders is associtaed with obesity? binge eating disoder
the DSM-IV describes an eating disorder not otherwise specified as a variety of atypical eating behaviors used to maintain or lower body weight
Impulsive, low self esteem, seeks attention, extroverted and erratic desctibe personality traits of? bulimia nervosa
Which group has the highest incidence of eating disorders? Caucasian females
which of the best describes an eating disorder? a psychiartic disorder that requires a physician's diagnosis
to be a diagnostic symptom of bulimia nervosa, binge eating musch occur on average at least ____ for three months twice a week
Night Eating Syndrome is associate4d with low levels of the hormone? melantonin
What percentage of US women have bulimia nervosa? 1-4%
What is meant by the notion that eating behaviors are conditioned? Previous experiences, such as those that occur during childhood, affect our current response to food and eating behaviors
Which of the following is not a method of purging? grazing
Obessive compulsive, perfectionism, socially inhibited, compliant, and emotionally restrained describe personality traits of anorexia nervosa
All of the following describe characteristics of the female athelte traid except diabetes mellitus
Which of the following is NOT a health problem associated with anorexia nervosa? elevated HDL cholesterol
Behaviors associated with binge eating disorders do not include fasting
the type of eating disorder characterized by episodes of binging and purging is bulimia nervosa
which of the following eating disorders is the most common among men? binge eating disorder
which of the following sports is frequently associated with its female athletes being at risk for developing the female athlete triad? swimming and diving
Which of the following family characteristics is NOT associated with anorexia nervosa? angry and disruptive family environment
For most adults, it is difficult to get adequate nutrients if eating less than ________ kcals a day 1,600-1,800
All of the following are associated with binge eating EXCEPT: weight loss
Which of the following BEST explains why individuals with anorexia nervosa have an increased risk for developing osteoporosis? decreased estrogen production
What are the standard criteria used for diagnosing an eating disorder? Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Which of the following eating disorder is not described in the DSM-IV? night eating syndrome
The concept that disordered eating occurs "on a continuum" refers to which of the following? Different eating behaviors occur on a spectrum that can't be divided precisely.
According to the American Psychiatric Association, anorexic nervosa is diagnosed when body weight is less than ________ percent of expected height and weight. 85
Which of the following BEST describes disordered eating? general term that describes a variety of abnormal or atypical eating behaviors
Chronic dieting can result in: an increased risk of developing a psychiatric eating disorder, a decrease in BMR, the loss of lean body mass
Which of the following would NOT be an appropriate treatment strategy in treating someone with anorexia nervosa? minimum weight gain of five pounds/week
Which of the following is NOT a typical warning sign of bulimia nervosa? weight loss
Which of the following increases one's risk of developing an eating disorder? having a sibling with an eating disorder
Obsessive-compulsive, perfectionism, socially inhibited, compliant, and emotionally restrained describe personality traits of: anorexia nervosa
Which of the following eating disorders is associated with obesity? binge eating disorder
Which of the following BEST describes an episode of binge eating? eating a large amount of food in a short period of time
Which of the following BEST describes why the body reduces nonvital body functions in untreated anorexia nervosa? The body needs to conserve energy
Which of the following BEST explains why adolescents are more vulnerable to the unrealistic media images of the "perfect body" than are adults? Adolescents are developing their personal identity
Which of the following symptoms is characteristic of bulimia nervosa? episodes of extreme overeating
In which of the following sports are male athletes at greater risk for developing bulimia nervosa? wrestling
What percentage of individuals diagnosed with anorexia nervosa are women 90-95%
Warning signs of the female athlete triad include execessive dieting, stress fractures, excessive execrise
Which of the following is/are symptomatic of anorexia nervosa? refusal to maintain body weight at a minimally normal weight for age and height, and absence of a mestrual cycle > 3 months
Currently, the best known treatment of eating disorders a team management approach
Chronic dieters have elevated cortisol levels. What is cortisol? a stress hormone
Which of the following fatty acids is generally solid at room temperature? saturated
As of January 1, 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration required food manufacturers to list ________ content on the Nutrition Facts Panel of their products. trans fatty acid
All of the following are major classes of dietary lipids EXCEPT: glycogens
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are metabolic derivatives of: alpha-linolenic acid
To lower cardiovascular risk it is recommended that we consume less than ________ of our total daily caloric intake from saturated fat. 7%-10%
Which of the following describes lipids? organic nutrients that are insoluble in water
All of the following regarding LDL cholesterol is true except LDL cholesterol is more harmful if it is a larger sized molecule
How many calories are potentially provided by 25 grams of fat? 225 kilocalories
The Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range for fat is ________ of total energy intake. 20-35%
Lab results for your patient's lipid profile are sent to you. Which of the following results warrants follow up intervention? HDL of 20
Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding the process of hydrogenation? Hydrogenation creates a "heart healthy" product
In the small intestine ________ breaks apart triglycerides so they can be taken up by the cell. lipoprotein lipase
Which of the following is a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids? corn oil
To facilitate the digestion of dietary fats, the gallbladder stores and releases a substance known as: bile
is(are) the key structural component of a cell's membrane Phospholipids
Which of the following food items would contain the highest amount of saturated fat? butter
Why are phospholipids NOT an essential nutrient? Our bodies manufacture phospholipids
Which of the following is a rich source of omega-6 fatty acids? margarine made from corn oil
The production of endogenous VLDL is decreased by: exercise
Which of the following statement is FALSE about sterols? Sterols contain a glycerol backbone and one fatty acid.
Which of the following food items would contain the highest amount of saturated fat? butter
Transport vehicles for most lipids are called lipoproteins
Which of the following health problems has been associated with high intakes of fat replacers? gastrointestinal distress
One potential problem with a very low-fat diet is that it may be deficient in: essential fatty acids
Which of the following ingredients would alert you to the likely presence of trans-fatty acids in a product? hydrogenated vegetable oil
Cholesterol must be provided by the diet because it is needed to make vitamin D and steroid hormones. false
Where in the body are the majority of triglycerides stored for future energy needs? adipose tissue
All of the following organs assist in the digestion of lipids EXCEPT the: large intestine
The two essential fatty acids are: linoleic and alpha-linolenic acid
What is the primary form of lipid in the diet? triglycerides
Which of the following species of fish would likely contain the highest levels of contaminants? Swordfish
What is the leading cause of death in the United States? heart disease
Which of the following foods contains invisible fats? chocolate cake
Diets high in trans-fatty acids are associated with: increased blood cholesterol levels
Which of the following statements is TRUE about trans fatty acids? They are created during the hydrogenation process
During exercise, which of the following triggers the breakdown of stored fat? adrenaline
Which lipoprotein transports dietary fat out of the small intestine? chylomicron
Which of the following is a fat replacer? olestra
Research has found the strongest association between dietary fat intake and what type of cancer? prostate
Sex hormones and adrenal hormones are substances derived from which class of lipid? sterols
Which of the following is NOT a function of fat in the human body? Fat provides an immediate source of energy during exercise.
Fat provides an immediate source of energy during exercise. Triglycerides
Triglycerides are classified by: the shape of the fatty acids, the length of the fatty acids, the saturation of fatty acids
The vast majority of fat digestion and absorption occurs in the: small intestine
Which of the following foods are rich sources of monounsaturated fatty acids? olive oil and cashew nuts
A fatty acid that contains a chain of 10 carbons and one double bond is termed a monounsaturated, medium chain fatty acid
The process of adding hydrogen to an unsaturated fatty acid and creating a more solid fat is called: hydrogenation
Jermaine's doctor has recommended that he start following a "heart healthy diet." Which of the following recommendations would help Jermaine in this effort? select liquid or tub margarine, eat more fish such as herring and salmon, eat more beans and lentils
A triglyceride includes: 3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol
The process of combining two incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called: mutual supplementation
Significant chemical digestion of protein begins in the: stomach
The genetic disease in which hemoglobin changes shape and the red blood cells become stiff and sticky is called: sickle cell anemia
The process through which mRNA copies genetic information from DNA and carries it to the ribosome is called: transcription
Which of the following statements is FALSE? The body stores excess protein primarily for energy reserves.
Of the 20 amino acids relevant to the human body, how many are considered nonessential? eleven
What dictates the structure of a protein molecule synthesized by the body? the DNA inside the nucleus of the cell
Which of the following is used to measure protein quality? the digestibility of the protein, the amount of essential amino acids present, the protein efficiency ratio
All of the following are parts of an amino acid molecule EXCEPT: a fatty acid group
The process of transferring the amine group from one amino acid to another is called transamination
Oligopeptides are a string of ________ amino acids. 4-9
Which part of an individual amino acid distinguishes it from other amino acids? side chain
Which of the following is NOT a major function of protein in the human body? providing energy to the body
Which of the following proteins are fundamental to the immune system? antibodies
In what structure of the mammalian cell are proteins synthesized? ribosome
Which of the following foods is a source of complete proteins? chicken
Proteases are: enzymes that break down protein
A plasma protein associated with nutrition status that is frequently measured in patient populations is albumin
A complete protein: contains all 9 essential amino acids
Eating excessive amount of protein on a regular basis pose no problem to healthy individuals because proteins are deaminated and excreted in the urine. false
Which of the following would have the lowest PDCAAS score? bread
Two amino acids are joined together by a peptide bond to form a dipeptide. What is the by-product of this process? water
The specific function of a protein is determined by: its three dimensional shape
A protein's ________ structure refers to the twisting, spiral shape formed by the sequence and chemical properties of its amino acids. secondary
Which of the following statements is FALSE? HCl inhibits the digestion of fat so it does not compete with protein digestion.
The type of vegetarian who eats vegetables, grains, fruits, and milk but excludes all other types of animal protein is called a: lacto-vegetarian
Benito is a healthy 19-year-old college student who is sedentary. He is 5'11" tall and weighs 175 pounds. How many grams of protein would you recommend he consume each day? 64 grams
Which of the following is NOT typically a nutrient of concern for vegans? vitamin C
John consumed 1 serving of milk, and 4 ounces of meat as a part of his lunch. How many grams of protein did he consume according to Exchange System estimates? 36
What element makes protein different from carbohydrate and fat? nitrogen
Which of the following is a genetic disorder resulting in debilitating protein abnormalities? cystic fibrosis
Vegetarian diets are associated with increased consumption of ________. antioxidants
The part of the protein molecule that carries nitrogen is the: amine group
Which of the following individuals is most likely to be in positive negative balance? a 9-year-old girl who is experiencing a growth spurt
Which of the following is the most complete protein from a plant source? soybeans
All of the following conditions warrants consideration and mainipulation of dietary protein except? heart disease
An acid-base imbalance can result in: acidosis of the blood, coma and death, the denaturing of body proteins
During the process of protein synthesis, ________ is the step in which messenger RNA is decoded into an amino acid sequence at the cell's ribosome. translation
The absorption of proteins occurs in the: small intestine
Which of the following supplements would you recommend a vegan add to his/her diet? vitamin B12
Well-planned vegetarian diets can reduce the risk of all of the following chronic diseases EXCEPT: anemia
The type of protein-energy malnutrition characterized by a general lack of protein, energy, and nutrients in the diet is called: marasmus
Milk curdles when lemon juice is added to it. The change that occurs in the protein is called: denaturation
Which of the following is associated with kwashiorkor? loss of hair, distended edematous abdomen, enlarged fatty liver
Created by: latisha2010 on 2011-04-18



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