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The Blood System

Chapt. 13 - The Blood System

Stoppage or control of blood flow. Hemostasis
Any blood disorder. Dyscrasia
The study of the shape of cells. Cytology
Symptom of disease return. Relapse
A foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodies. Antigen
Protein substances formed in the blood to destroy foreign substances. Antibodies
A cell that engulfs another cell. Endocyte
A type of inherited anemia marked by defective type of hemoglobin in people of Mediterranean background. Thalassemia
A rapidly progressing form of leukemia in which there are too many very young (immature) white blood cells called lymphoblasts in the bloodstream and bone marrow. Acute lymphocytic leukemia ABBRV: A.L.L.
Small amount of bone marrow is aspirated and examined under a microscope. Bone marrow biopsy
Both mature and immature granulocytes are present in bone marrow and blood. Malignant disorder that involves abnormal accumulation of white cells in the marrow and bloodstream. Chronic myelogenous leukemia ABBRV: CML aka: chronic myelocytic leukemia
Blood that has given up its oxygen to the tissues and is carrying carbon dioxide back through the systemic veins for gas exchange in the lungs. Venous blood
An abnormal bodily condition, especially of the blood. Dyscrasia
The rate at which red blood cells settle out in a tube of blood under standardized conditions; a high rate usually indicates the presence of inflammation Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
1. The percentage by volume of packed red blood cells in a given sample of blood after centrifugation. 2. A centrifuge used to determine the volume of blood cells and plasma in a given sample of blood. Hematocrit
Total amount of a blood protein is measured in a sample of blood. Hemoglobin test
Excessive bleeding caused by lack of Factor VIII or IX. A genetic disorder—usually inherited—of the mechanism of blood clotting. Hemophilia
Malignant tumor or bone marrow. A cancer in which antibody-producing plasma cells grow in an uncontrolled and invasive (malignant) manner. Multiple myeloma
Relieving pain, yet not curing the illness. Palliative
Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body. Pernicious anemia
General increase in RBC's. Erythremia. Polycythemia vera
Multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin. Purpura
Microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of individual red cells. Determines the shape or form of erythrocytes. Red blood cell morphology
Symptoms of disease return. Relapse
Symptoms of disease disappear. Remission
An inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin, usually seen in persons of Mediterranean background. Thalassemia
Percentage of the total WBC made up by different types of leukocytes. White blood cell differential
Time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube. Coagulation time
Separation of blood into component parts and removal of a select part from the blood. Apheresis
Created by: GrayWolf