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Lang of Med Exam 2

Contains information for the test bank of exam too

What is the agent that produces vomiting? Emetic
aden/o Gland
alges/o Sensitive to pain
ambly/o dim; dull
andr/o male
aque/o water
blephar/o eyelid
chondr/o cartilage
chrom/o color
cor/o pupil
cortic/o cortex, outer region
cutane/o skin
dacry/o tear
glauc/o gray
palpebr/o eyelid
hidr/o sweat
kal/i potassium
kerat/o cornea; hard, horny tissue
leiomy/o smooth (visceral) muscle
melan/o black
morph/o shape, form
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord; bone marrow
ocul/o eye
pil/o hair
ophthalm/o eye
optic/o eye; vision
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
poikil/o varied, irregular
presby/o old age
rhabdomy/o striated (skeletal) muscle
salping/o fallopian tube; auditory (eustachian) tube
scoli/o crooked, bent
sider/o iron
somat/o body
tel/o complete
thrombo/o clot
tox/o poison
uve/o uvea, vascular layer of eye (iris, choroid, ciliary body)
xer/o dry
-blast embryonic, immature cell
-cusis hearing
-dynia pain
-gram record
-graphy process of recording
-graph instrument for recording
-penia deficiency
-poiesis formation
-ptysis spitting
-scopy visual examination
-trophy nourishment; development (condition of)
a-, an- no; not; without
anti- against
dys- bad; painful; difficult; abnormal
eso- inward
ex-, exo- out; away from
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone (secreted by the anterior pituitary gland)
AD, AS, AU right ear (auris dextra) left ear (auris sinistra) both ears (auris uterque)
ADH antidiuretic hormone; vasopressin (secreted by the posterior pituitary gland)
AP (view) anteroposterior
C5-C6 fifth cervical vertebra, sixth cervical vertebra
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CT scan Taking x-rays at multiple angles (including cross-sectional views) with a computer
DPT diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (vaccine)
EMG electromyogram
ENT ear, nose, throat: specialist called an otorhinolaryngologist
FBS fasting blood sugar: instructions to the patient include fasting for 12 hours prior to procedure.
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
GTT glucose tolerance test: used to detect diabetes mellitus
IM intramuscular; infectious mononucleosis
IVP intravenous pyelogram
L5-S1 fifth lumbar vertebra to the first sacral vertebra
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
NPO nothing by mouth (nil per os)
OD, OS, OU right eye (oculus dexter) left eye (oculus sinister) both eyes (oculus uterque)
PA (view) posteroanterior
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
PPD purified protein derivative (used in test for tuberculosis)
tid three times daily
TNM tumor-node-metastasis (cancer staging system)
agent that reduces itching antipruritic
Air Sac in the lungs alveolus
benign bone surface tumor or growth exostosis
breakdown of the lens of the eye phacolysis
clumping of recipient's blood when mixed with incompatible blood agglutination
collapsed lung alelectasis
dry skin xeroderma
dull vision amblyopia
enlarged spleen splenomegaly
ENT specialist otorhindaryngclogist
harsh, high-pitched respiratory sound heard on inspiration, caused by obstruction strider
inflammation of the cornea keratitis
malignant connective tissue tumor sarcoma
middle layer of skin dermis
narrow, slit-like opening between bones fissure
nearsightedness myopia
pain in the diaphragm phrenodynia
removal of the voicebox laryngectomy
ringing of the ears tinnitus
swayback or anterior curvature in the lumbar region lordosis
tiny depression in the retina that is the region of clearest vision fovea centralis
accommodation adaption/adjustment of eye or organ
achondroplasia dwarfism
acromegaly pituitary gland - large body parts after puberty
acuity keenness of sense perception
adenoids Large mass behind lymphoid which causes distruption in breathing
agglutination clumping of blood
albino lack of pigments
alopecia loss of hair
alveolus air sac in lungs
amblyopia dimming of eyesight
analgesics removes pain, induces sleep, suppresses cough
anaphylaxis type of hypersensitive reaction
anhidrosis lack of sweating
ankylosis stiffness in joint
anticoagulant Heparin - thins blood
antigens foreign substance that evokes immune response
antihistamines blocks the release of a substance from alergy
antipruritic relieves itching
antipyretic relieves fevar
anthrogram x-ray visual of joint
arthroscopy examination of joint
asbestosis scars lungs and tissue - from asbestos
astigmatism blurred vision
atelectasis colapsed lung
auscultation listening to organs/body
barium enema metallic powder introduced to the large intestines for x-ray
benign tumor Tumor that does not threaten life
bronchi division of trachea that lead to the left or right lung
callus hardening area of skin
cancellous bone soft bone
cataract cloudiness of eye
cerumen ear wax
chalazion small tumor of eyelid
cochlea snail-shaped part of inner ear
Colle's fracture fracture taking place on distal end of radius
comedones blackhead
conjunctiva membrane on inner part of eyelid and covering eye
conjunctivitis inflammation of conjunctiva
contraindication something that makes a particular treatment unadvisible
cornea transparent part that covers eye
cortisol produced my the adrenal cortex and can be an anti-inflammatory
cranium head
cryosurgery abnormal tissue removed by freezing
cyst closed sac
cytotoxic cell T cell that mimics other cells and destroys them.
dermis Middle layer of skin
diabetes insipidus insufficient secretion of vasopression by the pituitary gland
diabetes mellitus inadequate secretion of insulin, excessive sugar in blood
diplopia double vision
dysplastic nevi abnormal growth of mole
A pilonidal cyst contains... hair
This type of drug is used to quiet and relax patient without producing sleep sedative
Images warped and distorted due to irregular corneal curvature and prevent clear focus on lights (Blurred vision) astigmatism
Abbreviation for Left Ear AS
Agent that reduces itching antipurritic
Created by: Treeegrl