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Minor Office Surgery Ch.10

Abrasion- A wound in which the outer layers of the skin are damaged;a scrape.
Abscess- A collection of pus in a cavity surrounded by inflamed tissue.
Absorbable suture- Suture material that is gradually digested by tissue enzymes and absorbed by the body.
Approximation- The process of bringing two parts, such as tissue, together through the use of sutures or other means.
Bandage- A strip of woven material used to wrap or cover a part of the body.
Biopsy- The surgical removal and examination of tissue from the living body. Biopsies are generally performed to determine whether a tumor is benign or malignant.
Capillary action- The action that causes liquid to rise along a wick, tube, or a gauze dressing.
Colposcope- A lighted instrument with a binocular magnifying lens used to examine the vagina and cervix.
Contaminate- As it relates to sterile technique, to cause a sterile object or surface to become unsterile.
Contusion- An injury to the tissues under the skin that causes blood vessels to rupture, allowing blood to seep into the tissues; a bruise.
Cryosurgery- The therapeutic use of freezing temperatures to destroy abnormal tissue.
Exudate- A discharge produced by the body's tissues.
Fibroblast- An immature cell from which connective tissue can develop.
Forceps- A two-pronged instrument for grasping and squeezing.
Furuncle- A localized staphylococcal infection that originates deep within a hair follicle. Also known as a boil.
Homeostasis- The arrest of bleeding by natural or artificial means.
Incision- A clean cut caused by a cutting instrument.
Infection- The condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen.
Infiltration- The process by which a substance passes into and is deposited within the substance of a cell, tissue, or organ.
Inflammation- A protective response of the body to trauma and the entrance of foreign matter. The purpose of inflammation is to destroy invading microorganisms and to repair injured tissue.
Laceration- A wound in which the tissues are torn apart, leaving ragged and irregular edges.
Ligate- To tie off and close a structure such as a severed blood vessel.
Local anesthetic- A drug that produces a loss of feeling and an inability to perceive pain in only a specific part of the body.
Mayo tray- A broad, flat metal tray placed on a stand and used to hold sterile instruments and supplies when it has been covered with a sterile towel.
Needle biopsy- A type of biopsy in which tissue from deep within the body is obtained by the insertion of a biopsy needle through the skin.
Nonabsorbable suture- Suture material that is not absorbed by the body and either remains permanently in the body tissue and becomes encapsulated by fibrous tissue or is removed.
Postoperative- After a surgical operation.
Preoperative- Preceding a surgical operation.
Puncture- A wound made by a sharp pointed object piercing the skin.
Scalpel- A surgical knife used to divide tissues.
Scissors- A cutting instrument.
Sebaceous cyst- A thin, closed sac or capsule that contains fatty secretions from a sebaceous gland.
Serum- The clear, straw-colored part of the blood that remains after the solid elements have been separated out of it.
Sterile- Free of all living microorganisms and bacterial spores.
Surgical asepsis- Practices that keep objects and areas sterile or free from microorganisms.
Sutures- Material used to approximate tissues with surgical stitches.
Swaged needle- A needle with suturing material permanently attached to its end.
Wound- A break in the continuity of a external or internal surface caused by physical means.
Created by: brittanybenning