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Radiology & Nuclear Medicine Chapter 20 Test

Abduction Movement away from the midline of the body
Adduction Movement toward the midline of the body
Eversion Turning outward
Extension Lengthening or straightening a flexed limb
Flexion Bending a part of the body
Inversion Turning inward
Lateral decubitus Lying on the side
Prone Lying on the belly
Recumbent Lying down (may be prone or supine)
Supine Lying on the back (face up)
Posteroanterior (PA) View In this most commonly requested chest x-ray view, x-rays travel from a posterior placed source to an anteriorly placed detector
Anteroposterior (AP) View X-rays travel from an anteriorly placed source to a posteriorly placed detector
Lateral View In a left lateral view, x-rays travel from a source located to the right of the patient to a detected placed to the left of the patient
Oblique View X-rays travel in slanting direction at an angle from a perpendicular plane
Renal Scans used to examine the kidneys & to detect any abnormalities, such as tumors or obstruction of the renal blood flow
Thyroid Scans used to evaluate thyroid function
Bone Scans used to evaluate any degenerative and/or arthritic changes in the joints, to detect bone diseases and tumors, and/or to determine the cause of bone pain or inflammation *inflammatory diseases, tumors, & abscesses
Heart Scans used to identify abnormal blood flow to the heart, to determine the extent of the damage of the heart muscle after a heart attack, and/or to measure heart function
Brain Scans used to investigate problems within the brain and/or in the blood circulation to the brain
Breast Scans often used with mammograms to locate cancerous tissue in the breast
Radiology is the medical specialty concerned with the study of x-rays
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) magnetic field & radio waves produce sagittal, coronal, & axial images of the body (uses electromagnetic energy rather than x-rays)
Nuclear Medicine Medical specialty that studies the uses of radioactive substances (radionuclides) in diagnosis of disease
Ultrasound Diagnostic procedure frequently used to assess fatel size & development
AP anteroposterior
Ba barium
BE barium enema
CT computed tomography
CXR chest x-ray
DICOM digital image communication in medicine
DI diagnostic imaging
DSA digital subtraction angiography
ECHO echocardiography
EUS endoscopic ultrasonography
IVP intravenous pyelogram
KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder
LAT lateral
L-spine lumbar spine
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
MRV magnetic resonance venography
PA posteroanterior
PACS picture archival and communications system
RFA radiofrequency ablation
Created by: brittanymichelle