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plaintiff an individual or a group of people who bring a complaint against another party
defendant the party who answers a complaint and defends against it
prosecution a government body that brings a criminal charge against a defendant who is accused of breaking one of its laws
precedent a guideline for how all similar cases should be decided in the future
original jurisdiction the authority to hear a case first
appeal to ask a higher court to review the decision and determine if justice was done
appellate jurisdiction the authority to hear an appeal
courts of appeal handle appeals from the federal district courts
circuit courts courts of appeals
judicial review the power to overturn any law that the court decides is in conflict with the constitution
opinion a written statement explaining the reasons for the decision
judicial activism an effort by judges to take an active role in policy- making by over taking laws relatively often
judicial restraint an effort by judges to avoid overturning laws and to leave policy making up to the other branches of government
Created by: Kayla1