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The Fed

Monetary Policy

The rate the Federal Reserve charges for loans to commercial banks. discount rate
The interest rate banks charge each other for loans. federal funds rate
The process by which banks record whose account gives up money and whose account receives money when a customer writes a check. check clearing
The Federal Reserve committee that makes key decisions about interest rates and the growth of the United States money supply. Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)
The 12 banking regions created by the Federal Reserve Act. Federal Reserve Districts
The actions the Federal Reserve takes to influence the level of real GDP and the rate of inflation in the economy. monetary policy
The seven member body that oversees the Federal Reserve System. Board of Governors
The process by which money enters into circulation. money creation
The ratio of reserves to deposits required of banks by the Federal Reserve. required reserve ratio (RRR)
The amount of new money that will be created with each demand deposit, calculated as 1/RRR. money multiplier formula
The rate of interest banks charge on short-term loans to their best customers. prime rate
The buying and selling of government securities to alter the supply of money. open market operations
The monetary policy that increases the money supply. easy (loose) money policy
The monetary policy that reduces the money supply. tight money policy
Created by: amarkovich