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CPC Study - Female Genital System and Pregnancy

How many chromosomes does each ova/gamete contain? 23
This organ is the womb and holds the embryo: uterus
3 layers of the uterus: endometrium, myometrium, perimetrium (uterine serosa)
This is the lower narrow portion of the uterus: cervix
This is the upper rounded part of the uterus: fundus
The glands on either side of the vagina: Bartholin's glands
Perineum area between anus and vaginal orifice (pelvic floor)
Days 1-5 of menstrual cycle: proliferation phase - menstruation - discharge of blood fluid containing endometrial cells, blood cells, glandular secretions from endometrium
Days 6-12 of menstrual cycle: proliferation phase - endometrium repair - maturing follicle in ovary produces estrogen, causing endometrium to thicken and ovum to mature in graafian follicle
Days 13-14 of menstrual cycle: secretory phase - ovulation - graafian follicle ruptures and ovum travels down fallopian tube
Days 15-28 of menstrual cycle: secretory phase - premenstruation - graafian follicle converts to corpus luteum secreting progesterone to stimulated build-up of uterine lining
How many weeks does an average pregnancy last? 39
Approximate days of gestation: 266 (but 280 used to calculate EDD or LMP)
Division of gestational trimesters: 1st: LMP-12, 2nd: 13-27, 3rd: 28-EDD
Amniocentesis percutaneous aspiration of amniotic fluid
CVS Chorionic Villus Sampling - biopsy of outermost part of placenta
Cordocentesis procedure to obtain a fetal blood sample (percutaneous umbilical blood sampling)
Curettage scraping of a cavity using a spoon-shaped instrument
Cystocele herniation of bladder into vagina
Ectopic Pregnancy pregnancy outside uterus
Hysterectomy surgical removal of uterus
Hysterorrhaphy suturing of uterus
Hysteroscopy visualization of canal and cavity of uterus using a scope placed through vagina
Introitus opening or entrance to vagina
Ligation binding or tying off
Multipara more than one pregnancy
Oophorectomy surgical removal of ovaries
Placenta structure that connects mother and fetus during pregnancy
Primigravida first pregnancy
Primipara given birth to only one child
Salpingectomy surgical removal of uterine tube
Salpingostomy creation of opening into uterine tube
Tocolysis repression of uterine contractions
Vesicovaginal Fistula abnormal opening between vagina and bladder
Dysmenorrhea painful menstruation
Amenorrhea absence of menstruation
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding - abnormal bleeding patterns
Oligomenorrhea excess of 6 weeks between periods
Polymenorrhea less than 3 weeks between periods
Metrorrhagia bleeding between cycles
Menorrhagia increase in amount and duration of flow
Hypomenorrhea light or spotty flow
Menometrorrhagia irregular cycle with varying amounts of menstrual flow and duration
Menorrhea lengthy menstrual flow
Endometriosis endometrial tissue develops outside the uterus
PID pelvic inflammatory disease - infection and inflammation of reproductive tract
Candidiasis yeast infection - affects mucous membranes and may result in dyspareunia and dysuria
This is the most common STD: chlamydia (bacterial - results in discharge and dysuria)
Genital Herpes is caused by: HSV-2 (herpes simplex 2 virus)
Genital warts are caused by: human papillomavirus
Gonorrhea is caused by: bacteria (Neisseria gonorrhoeae)
Syphilis is caused by: bacteria (Treponema pallidum)
Trichmoniasis is caused by: protozoa (Trichomonas vaginalis)
3 classes of leiomyomas (benign uterine fibroids): submucous, subserous, intramural
Adenomyosis growth within uterine myometrium
Carcinoma of the breast most often develops in what part of the breast? upper outer quadrant
Stage II of endometrial cancer involves: corpus and cervix
Stage III of endometrial cancer extends: outside uterus but not outside true pelvis
The most common gynecologic cancer: epithelial tumors
The most common primary tumor of fallopian tubes: adenocarcinoma
90% of Vulva carcinomas are this type of tumor: squamous cell carcinoma
Placenta Previa opening of cervix is obstructed by displaced placenta
Abruptio Placentae premature separation of placenta from uterine wall
Eclampsia serious condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema, proteinuria
Hydatidiform Mole benign tumor of placenta
5 malpositions of vaginal delivery: breech, vertex, face, brow, shoulder
4 types of abortion: spontaneous (miscarriage), incomplete, missed, septic
Most common solution for intra-amniotic injections: saline
This type of dysmenorrhea is treated with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents and progesterone: primary dysmenorrhea
In this type of amenorrhea, menstruation has never occured: primary amenorrhea
In this type of amenorrhea, there is a cessation of menstruation: secondary amenorrhea
3 types of placenta previa: marginal, partial, total
Increased risks of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, non Hodgkins lymphoma exist with this condition: endometriosis (uterine lining develops outside the uterus)
Created by: dropgallow