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Medical MIcrobiology

Bacilli (Bacillus)- Bacteria that have a rod shape.
Cocci (Coccus)- Bacteria that have a round shape.
Colony- A mass of bacteria growing on a solid culture medium that have arisen from the multiplication of a single bacterium.
Contagious- Capable of being transmitted directly or indirectly from one person to another.
Culture- The propagation of a mass of microorganisms in a laboratory culture medium.
Culture Medium- A mixture of nutrients on which microorganisms are grown in the laboratory.
False negative- A test result denoting that a condition is absent when it is actually positive.
False Positive- A result denoting that a condition is present when it is actually absent.
Fastidious- Extremely delicate, difficult to culture, and involving specialized growth requirements.
Immunization- The process of becoming protected from a disease through vaccination.
Incubate- In microbiology, the act of placing a culture in a chamber (incubator) that provides optimal growth requirements for the multiplication of the organisms,such as the proper temperature, humidity, and darkness.
Incubation Period- The interval of time between the invasion by a pathogenic microorganism and the appearance of first symptoms of the disease.
Infectious Disease- A disease caused by a pathogen that produces harmful effects on its host.
Inoculate- To introduce microorganisms into a culture medium for growth and multiplication.
M The scientific study of microorganisms and their activities.
Mucous Membrane- A membrane lining body passages or cavities that open to the outside.
Normal Flora- Harmless, non-pathogenic microorganisms that normally reside in many parts of the body but do not cause disease.
Resistance- The natural ability of an organism to remain unaffected by harmful substances in its environment.
Sequela- A morbid (secondary)condition occurring as a result of a less serious primary infection.
Smear- Material spread on a slide for microscope examination.
Specimen- A small sample or part taken from the body to show the nature of a whole.
Spirilla (Spirillum)- Bacteria that have a spiral or curved shape.
Streaking- In microbiology,the process of inoculating a culture to provide for the growth of colonies on the surface of a solid medium. Streaking is accomplished by skimming a wire inoculating a loop that contains the specimen across the surface of the medium.
Streptolysin- an exotoxin produced by beta-hemolytic streptococci, which completely hemolyzes red blood cells.
Susceptible- Easily affected, lacking resistance.
Created by: brittanybenning