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3 Med Term

Bones along with aome arteries and veins

QuestionAnswer
Long bones Humerus(upper arm bone), femur (thigh bone)
Short Bones carpal (wrist bone), tarsal (ankle bone)
Flat Bone sternum (breastbone), scapula (shoulder blade)
irregular bones vertebra (backbone), stapes
sesamoid bones patella
oste/o,oss/i,osse/o bone
di-,dia- through, complete
-clast breaking down
dactyl/o digitus, finger/toe
spondyl/o vertebra (backbone), spine
-sarcoma connective tissue cancer
-fida to split, splitting
brachi/o arm
-sthenia condition of strength
-osis abnormal condition
-blast embryonic, immature
-cyte cell
xiph/i xiphoid (inferior process of sternum)
-poiesis formation
re- back
plant/o sole of foot
radi/o radius (lower lateral arm bone)
-drome to run, running
mastoid/o mastoid process
syndesm/o ligament (structure connect)
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
vers/o turning, to turn
phyt/o growth
perone/o fibula
-dynia pain
-malacia softening
THR Total Hip Replacement
-scopy process of viewing
amphi- both
meta- change, beyond
rheumat/o watery flow
foss/o fossa, (a depression)
MD muscular dystrophy
tubercul/o tubercle, rounded projection
-centesis surgical puncture
tom/o section, cutting
leiomy/o smooth muscle
tract/o pulling, to pull
tars/o tarsus (ankle bone)
duct/o carrying, to carry
tens/o stretching
lord/o swayback, bent backwards
cleid/o clavicle
kyph/o roundback
-clasis intentional breaking
-desis binding
-physis growth
scoli/o curvature
olecran/o olecranon elbow
-oma tumor, mass
malleol/o malleolus
sulc/o sulcus, groove
-listhesis slipping
ankyl/o stiffening
prosth/o addition
troph/o development, nourishment
CREF Closed reduction external fixation
-rraphy suture
-ses, -y condition, process of
-plasia condition of formation
rhabdomy/o striated skeletal muscle
rachi/o spine
por/o passage
lacrim/o tear
Achondroplasia disorder of development of cartilage at the epiphises of the long bones and skull, resulting in dwarfism
muscular dystrophy disorders characterized by inherited progressive atrophy of skeletal muscle without neural involvement
polydactyly contiotion of more than 5 fingers or toes
spina bifida occulta congenital malformation of the bony spinal column without involvement of the spinal cord
syndactyly joining of the fingers or toes giving them a webbed appearance
talipes deformity resulting in twisting of the foot also called clubfoot
torticollis congenital or acquired condition resulting in the contraction of muscles of the neck aslo call wryneck
osteodynia bone pain
osteitis deformans misshaped bone resulting from inflammation, also known as Paget disease
osteomalacia softening of the bone and bone marrow
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
osteoporosis loss of bone mass, which results in the bones being fragile and at risk for fractures
osteopenia bone mass loss but less severe than osteoporosis
chondromalacia softening of the cartilage
costochondritis inflammation of the cartilage of the ribs
arthrosis abnormal condition of a joint; EX: hemarthrosis, hydrarthrosis or pyarthrosis
Baker cyst cyst of the synovial fluid in the popliteal area of leg; often assoc. w/ rheumatoid arthritis
bursitis inflammation of bursa
bunion fairly common, painful enlargement and inflammation of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (base of great toe)
carpal tunnel syndrome CTS compression injury that manifests itself as fluctuating pain, numbness, and paresthesias of the hand caused by compression of the median nerve at the wrist
crepitus cracking sound heard in joints
osteoarthritis joint disease characterized by degenerative articular cartilage and a wearing down of bones edges of a joint
osteophytosis abnormal bone growth in a joint
rheumatoid arthritis RA inflammatory joint disease believed to be autoimmune in nature
tendinitis inflammation of tendon
temporomadibular joint disorder dysfunctional temporomadibular joint, accompanied by gnathalgia, jaw pain
ankylosing spondylitis chrnic inflammatory disease of idiopathic origin, causes a fusion of the spine
herniated intervertebral disk protrusion of the central part of the disk that lies between the vertebrae, resulting in compression of the nerve root and pain
kyphosis extreme posterior curvature of the thoracic area of the spine
lordosis swayback; exaggerated anterior curve of the lumbar vertebrae
scoliosis lateral S curve of the spine
spinal stenosis narrowing of the spinal canal with attendant pain, sometimes caused by OA or spondylolisthesis
spondylolisthesis condition resulting from the partial forward dislocation of one vertebrae over the one beneath it
spondylosis stiffening of the vertebral joints
contracture chronic fixation of a joint in flexion
fibromyalgia disorder characterized by musculoskeletal pain, fatigue muscle stiffness and spasms, sleep disturbances
myasthenia gravis severe condition characterized fatigue and progressive muscle weakness, especially of face and throat
plantar fascitis inflammation of the fascia on the sole of the foot
polymyositis idiopathic inflammation os a number of voluntary muscles
postlaminectomy syndrome group of symptoms that occur together after the removal of a lamina to correct a spinal disorder
rhabdomyolysis breakdown of striated/skeletal muscle
chondroma benign tumor of the cartilage
exostosis abnormal condition of bony growth
leiomyoma benign tumor of smooth muscle, most common is in uterus termed fibroid
osteoma benign bone tumor, usually of compact bone
rhabdomyoma benign tumor of striated/voluntary/skeletal muscle
chodrosarcoma malignant tumor of the cartilage
leiomyosarcoma malignant tumor of smooth muscle
osteosarcoma malignant tumor of bone
rhabdomyosarcoma highly malignant tumor of skeletal muscle
DEXA scan Dual energy x-ray absorpyiometry, a procedure that measures the density of bone at the hip and spine
electromyelography EMG procedure that records the electrical activity of muscles
myelogram x-ray of spinal canal done after injection of contrast medium
Phalen test a diagnostic test where the back (dorsal surface) of the patient's hands are pressed together to elicit symptoms of CTS
rheumatoid factor test Lab test that looks for rheumatoid factor RF present in the blood of those who have rheumatoid arthritis
serum calcium test to measure the amount of calcium in the blood
arthrocentesis surgical puncture of a joint to remove fluid
arthrodesis binding or stabilization of a joint by operative means
arthroplasty general term meaning surgical repair of joint
kyphoplasty minimally invasive procedure designed to address the pain of fractures vertebrae resulting from cancer of osteoporosis
laminectomy removal of bony arches of one or more vertebrae to relieve compression of the spinal cord
meniscectomy removal of a meniscus such as in the knee
myorrhaphy suture of muscle
osteoclasis refracture of a bone, usually done if a bone has a malunion
osteoplasty surgical repair of a bone
spondylosyndesis fixation of an unstable segment of the spine by skeletal traction, immobilization of the patient in a body cast, or stabilization with a bone graft or synthetic device.
syndesmoplasty surgical repair of a ligament
tenomyoplasty surgical repair of a muscle and a tendon
traction process of pulling a body part into correct alignment, as to correct a dislocation
Created by: Amy Clayton Amy Clayton on 2011-03-12



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