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The Integumentary System

Skin Biopsy The removal of a small piece of tissue from skin lesions for the purpose of examining it under a microscope to confirm or establish a diagnosis
Liposuction Aspiration of fat through a suction cannula or curette to alter the body contours
Allergy Testing Various procedures used to identify specific allergies in an individual by exposing the person to a very small quantity of the allergen
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Butterfly Rash) A chronic, multisystem, inflammatory disease characterized by lesions of the nervous system and skin, renal problems, and vasculitis. A red rash is often seen on the nose and face
Leukoplakia White, hard, thickened patches firmly attached to the mucous membrane in areas such as the mouth, vulva, or penis
Exanthematous Viral Diseases A skin eruption or rash accompanied by inflammation, having specific features of an infectious viral disease
How is burn severity classified? age, percentage of body surface burned, location of burn, and concurrent injuries
Acne Vulgaris A common inflammatory disorder seen on the face, chest, back, and neck, and which appears as papules, pustules, and comedos
Onychomycosis Any fungal infection of the nails
Scales Think flakes of hardened epithelium that are shed from the epidermis
Xeroderma A chronic skin condition characterized by roughness or dryness
Hemangioma A benign tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color
Cutaneous Papilloma (skin tags) A small brownish or flesh colored outgrowth of skin occuring frequently on the neck
Gangrene Death tissue, most often involving the extremities; usually the result of ischemia (loss of blood supply to an area) bacterial invasion, and subsequent putrefication (decaying) of the tissue
Scabies A highly contagious parasitic infestation caused by the "human itch mite," resulting in a rash, pruritus, and slightly raised threadlike skin lines
Verruca (wart) A benign, circumscribed, elevated skin lesion that results from hypertrophy of the epidermis; caused by the human papilloma virus
Impetigo Contagious superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules filled with millions of staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria, usually forming on the face
Polyp A small, stalklike growth from a mucous membrane surface, resembling a mushroom stalk
Kaposi's Sarcoma A malignant growth that begins as soft, brownish or purple raised areas on the feet and slowly spreads on the skin, spreading to the lymph nodes and internal organs
Herpes Zoster (Shingles) An acute viral infection caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox ans shingles, characterized by painful, vesicular lesions or eruptions on the skin following along the nerve pathways of underlying spinal or cranial nerves
Keloid An enlarged, irregularly shaped, and elevated scar that forms due to the presence of large amounts of collagen during the formation of the scar
Squamous Cell Carcinoma A malignancy of the squamous cells of epithelial tissue, which is a much faster growing cancer than basal cell carcinoma and has a greater potential for metastasis if not treated
Stria (Stretch Marks) Linear tears in the dermis which result from overstretching from rapid growth. They begin as pinkish-bluish streaks with jagged edges and may be accompanied by itching. As they heal and lose their color, they remain a silvery-white scar line.
Hair Follicle The tiny tube within the dermis that contains the root of a hair shaft
Subcutaneous Tissue The fatty layer of tissue located beneath the dermis
Ulcer A circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation
Petechia Small, purplish, hemorrhagic spots on the skin
Macule (freckle) A small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised nor depressed
Malignant Melanoma Skin tumor originating from melanocytes in pre-existing nevi, freckles, or skin with pigment; darkly pigmented cancerous tumor
Papule A small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin
Wheal (hives) A circumscribed, slightly elevated lesion of the skin that is paler in the center than its surrounding edges
Basal Cell Carcinoma The most common malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue, occuring most often on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun
Furuncle (boil) A localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle
Abrasion A scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area
Contusion An injury to a part of the body without a break in the skin
Laceration A tear in the skin
Alopecia Partial or complete loss of hair. May result from normal aging, a reaction to a medication such as anticancer medications, an endocrine disorder, or some skin disease
Albinism A condition characterized by absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes
Electrodesiccation A technique using an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue; used for the removal of surface lesions
3rd Degree Burn Involves massive necrosis of epidermis, entire dermis, and may include part of the subcutaneous tissue or muscle
2nd Degree Burn Partial-thickness; blistering pink to red color; swelling; involves epidermis and upper layer of dermis; heals in approximately 2 weeks without scar if no infection
1st Degree Burn Superficial; redness & swelling of epidermis; painful; heals spontaneously with peeling in about three to six days; no scarring
Debridement Removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing
Curettage The process f scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surface for the process of removing abnormal tissure or unwanted material
Erythema Redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation. An example of erythema is nervous blushing or a mild sunburn
Erythremia An abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells
Pediculosis Infestation with lice
Vesicle (blister) A small, thin-walled, skin lesion containing clear fluid
Fissure A crack-like sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane
Cellulitis A diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneoua tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain, and swelling
Tinea Capitis Ringworm of the scalp
Tinea Corporis Ringworm of the body
Decubitus (bedsore) An inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body, resulting in loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body part (AKA pressure ulcer)
Ecchymosis (bruise) A bluish-black discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissue as a result of injury to the area
Corium (dermis) The layer of the skin just under the epidermis
Sudoriferous Gland A sweat gland
Tinea Pedis Ringworm of the foot (AKA Athletes Foot)
Tinea Cruris Ringworm of the groin (AKA Jock Itch)
Dermatologist A physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin
Epidermis The outermost layer of the skin
Pruritis itching
Perspiration (sweat) The clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat gland
Sebum The oily secretions of the sebaceous glands
Lunula The crescent-shaped pale area at the base of the fingernail or toenail
Rosacea A chronic inflammatory skin disease that mainly affects the skin of the middle third of the face. The individual has persistent redness over the areas of th eface, nose, and cheeks
Abscess A localized collection of pus in any part of the body
Cerumen Ear wax
Comedo The typical lesion of acne vulgaris, caused by accumulation or keratin, and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle; closed comedo-whitehead/open comedo-blackhead
Cryosurgery A noninvasive treatment that uses sub-freezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue. Coolants such as liquid nitrogen are used in the metal probe
Cyst A closed sac on pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material
Tinea More commonly known as ringworm. A chronic fungal infection of the skin that is characterized by scaling, itching, and sometimes painful lesions. The lesions are named according to the body part affected
Eczema An acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs, and is accompanied by intense itching
Psoriasis A common, noninfectious, chronic disorder of the skin manifested by silvery-white scales over round, raised, reddened plaques producing pruritus
Created by: sanzijessica