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7th Grade History

Chapter 9

1. What is Versailles? The home of France's King Louis XIV
2. What are courtiers? Nobles at the king's court
3. What is an absolute ruler? A ruler who holds complete or absolute power over his people.
4. What type of rule is this called? Absolutism
5. Who was the strongest absolute ruler during the Age of Absolutism? France's King Louis XIV
6. Who was known as the Sun King, and why? King Louis XIV, because everything in France and Europe revolved around him and nothing took place in government or society without his influence touching, just like the sun's rays touching the earth.
7. Why were the Huguenots valuable to King Louis? Because they were among the finest workers in the nation.
8. Name 4 other absolute rulers in Europe and give the country they ruled. Maria Theresa-Austria, Peter the Great-Russia, Catherine the Great-Russia, Frederick the Great-Prussia
9. After which palace did Maria Theresa model her royal palace that was located in Vienna? Versailles
10. What is a czar? The Russian title for emporer.
11. What city did Peter the Great build on the Baltic Sea? St. Petersburg
12. Under whose rule did Russia become a strong power on Europe? Catherine the Great
13. What kingdom was the beginning of modern-day Germany? Prussia
14. Who was the most powerful king of Prussia? Frederick the Great
15. Which country was an exception to the movement toward absolutism? England
16. What was the English legislative body? Parliament
17. Why was the Magna Carta important? It guaranteed the nobles certain rights and limited the king's power.
18. What document settled many questions about the king's power? The English Bill of Rights
19. What did this document guarantee, and who signed it? It gave several rights to Parliament and the people. William and Mary
20. Which two English monarchs accepted limits to their power? William and Mary
21. During the 1700's, how did young Englishmen complete their education? By taking a Grand Tour of the Continent (continental Europe)
22. What do the Latin words Sapere Aude! mean? "dare to know"
23. What age did this phrase describe? The Age of Reason
24. During the Age of Reason, what did many think could replace faith? Reason
25. Who discovered the laws of gravity and motion? Sir Isaac Newton
26. What are scientific laws? Statements that describe occurrences in nature and that have no known exceptions.
27. What mountain range runs through Eastern Europe? The Carpathian Mountains
28. What does "neoclassical" mean? New classical
29. What 4 things were emphasized in 18th century neoclassicism? Balance, order, harmony, and simplicity
30. Who were the two leading classical composers that performed for Maria Theresa? Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
31. What two things brought music into more homes? The invention of the piano and the simplification of the note system.
32. In which 3 areas were the neoclassical artists and writers copying the classical styles of Greece and Rome? Art, architecture, literature
33. Name 4 well-known philosophers of the time, and the countries they are from. John Locke-England, Rene Descartes and Voltaire-France, Immanuel Kant-Germany
34. Describe 3 teachings of the deists, and tell which was the most dangerous. 1. Miracles were impossible, 2. There was no need for worship because God was not a personal God and could not receive worship, 3. One could find truth through reason rather than through Scripture. This was the most dangerous.
35. What were John Wesley and his followers called? Methodists
36. Who was John Wesley's brother, and what was he known for? Charles Wesley - he was a great hymn writer
37. What group of people did Isaac Watts write hymns for, and why? For children, because they needed hymns that suited their age and that they could sing as they went about their day.
38. Name 3 improvements in farming that were a result of scientific principle. Crop rotation, fertilization, new machinery
39. How did the Industrial Revolution get its name? From the great changes in manufacturing in the 18th and 19th centuries.
40. Where did the Industrial Revolution begin? Great Britain
41. What was the most important thing invented during the Industrial Revolution? The steam engine
42. Did James Watt invent the steam engine? No, he just improved upon it.
43. What was one drawback to steam engines? Fuel consumption
44. Name 3 things steam turbine engines are used to power. Ocean liners, industrial equipment, electric generators
45. What is Robert Raikes famous for? For opening the first Sunday school in 1780.
46. Under whose absolute rule did the French people revolt? Louis XVI
47. Who became the new dictator of France in 1804? Napolean
Essay 1. Know how Louis XIV's power over religion affected the people of France (especially Roman Catholicism and the Huguenots)
Essay 2. Know how the Industrial Revolution affected peoples' lives.
Created by: LiseBrinkley