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Respiratory System

Inspection Visualize external surface of the body
Auscultation Listening for sounds within the body
Palpitation Pounding or racing of the heart with normal response
Percussion Use of fingertips to tap body
Adenoids Masses of lymphatic tissue located near the opening of the nasal cavity
Alveoli Air cells of the lungs
Apex of the lung Upper portion of lung
Base of the lung Lowest part of lung
Bronchi 2 main branches leading from trachea to the lungs, providing passageway for air movement
Bronchiole One of the smallest subdicisions of the bronchiole tubes
Diaphragm The musculomembranous wall separating abdomen from the thoracic cavity
Epiglottis Thin leaf-shaped structure located immediately posterior to the root of the tongue
Larynx The enlarged upper end of the trachea, below the root of the tongue
Nares External nostrils
Nasopharynx Part of the pharynx located above the soft palate
Paranasal Sinuses Hollow areas or cavities within the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity
Pharynx Tubular structure or passageway for air
Pleura Double folded membrane that lines the thoracic cavity
Thorax chest
Trachea Cylinder shaped tube lined with rings of cartilage that is long, from the larynx to the brachial tubes
Visceral Pleura Portion of the pleura that is closest to the internal organs
Apnea Without breathing
Bradypnea Slow breathing
Cough Forceful and sometimes violent expirating effort preceded by a preliminary inspiration
Dysphonia Difficult speaking
Dyspnea Difficult breathing
Epistaxis Hemorrhage from the nose (nosebleed)
Expectoration Spitting out saliva or coughing up materials from the air passageways leading to the lungs
Hemoptysis Expectoration of blood arising from the oral cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, or lungs
Kussmaul Respirations Very deep gasping type of respiration associated with severe diabetic acidosis
Orthopnea Abnormal condition in which a person sits up straight or stands up to breath comfortably
Rales An abnormal sounds heard on auscultation of the chest
Rhinorrhea Thin, watery discharge from the nose
Rhonci Rales or rattling in the throat
Sneeze To expel air forcibly through the nose and mouth by spasmodic contraction of muscles of expiration due to irritation of nasal mucosa
Stridor Harsh sound during respiration; high pitched and resembling the blowing of wind, due to obstruction of air passages
Tachypnea Rapid breathing
Wheeze A whistling sound or sighing sound resulting from narrowing of the lumen of a respiratory passageway
Coryza Inflammation of respiratory mucous membranes (common cold)
Croup A childhood disease characterized by a barking cough, hoarseness, tachypnea, inspiratory, stridor, and laryngeal spasm
Laryngitis Inflammation of the larynx (resulting in dysphonia, cough, and difficulty swallowing)
Pertussis An acute upper respiratory infectious disease, caused by the bacterium Bordetella Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx, usually resulting in sore throat
Rhinitis Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose
Sinusitis Inflammaation of a sinus
Tonsillitis Inflammation of the palatine tonsils
Asthma Paroxysmal dyspnea accompanied by wheezing caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of their mucous membrane
Bronchitis Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchial tubes. (often preceded by common cold)
Bronchogenic Carcinoma A malignant lung tumor that originates in the bronchi (lung cancer)
Emphysema A chronic pulmonary disease characterized by increase beyond the normal in size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole, either from dilation of the alveoli or from destruction of their walls
Empyema Pus in a body cavity, usually the result of a primary infection in the lungs
Pleuritis/Pleurisy Inflammation of both the visceral and parietal pleura
Pneumonia Inflammation of the lungs caused primarily by bacteria, viruses, and chemical irritants
Pneumothorax A collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity. The air enters as the result of a perforation through the chest wall or the pleura covering the lung, causing the lung to collapse
Pulmonary Edema Swelling of the lungs caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs, either in the alveoli or the interstitial spaces
Pulmonary Embolism The obstruction of one or more pulmonary arteries by a thrombus that dislodges from another location and is carried through the venous system to the vessels of the lung
Pulmonary Heart Disease/Cor Pulmonale Hypertrophy of the right ventricle of the heart resulting from disorders of the lungs, pulmonary vessels, or chest wall
Tuberculosis An infectious disease characterized by inflammatory infiltrations, formation of tubercles, and caseous necrosis in the tissues of the lungs
Anthracosis Accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs due to breathing smoke or coal dust
Asbestosis Lung disease resulting from inhalation of asbestos particles
Byssinosis Lung disease resulting from inhalation of cotton, flax, and hemp
Silicosis Lung disease resulting from inhalation of silica dust, characterized by formation of small nodules
Bronchoscopy Examination of interior of the bronchi using a lighted, flexible tube known as a bronchoscope
Chest X-ray The use of high-energy electromagnetic waves passing through the body onto a photographic film, to produce a picture of the internal structures of the body for diagnosis and therapy
Laryngoscopy Examination of the interior of the larynx using a lighted, flexible tube known as a laryngoscope
Pulmonary Function Tests Physicians use this variety of tests to assess respiratory function
Thoracocentesis Involves the use of a needle to collect pleural fluid for laboratory analysis, or to remove excess pleural fluid or air from the pleural space
Created by: sanzijessica