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MOD 2 Week 2 Test

Mechanical Digestion when food enters the mouth and it is being grinded, ripped and cut by the teeth
Chemical Digestion when food is chemically digested by digestive juices and enzymes secreted during the process
Oral Cavity first part of the digestive tract
Lips opening of the mouth
Cheeks walls of the oral cavity
Hard Palate anterior roof of the mouth
Uvula small soft tissue projection hangs from the soft palate
Mastication chewing
Deglutition swallowing
Papillae rough elevations contains the taste buds
Bolus food that is ball-like mass
Enamel outer most protective layer of the crown
Dentin the main substance of the tooth
Cementum covers, protects & supports the dentin in the root
Salivary Glands located near the lower jaw 1-Parotid; 2-Submandibular; 3-Sublingual
Amylase enzymes for the digestion of carbohydrates/ starch
Lipase enzymes for the digestion of fats
Pharynx throat
Esophagus Muscular tube (10 inch) extending from the pharynx to the stomach
Peristalsis rhythmic contraction in the wall of the esophagus
Rugae folds in the walls of the stomach
Chyme mixture of liquefy food that leaves the stomach
Villi tiny, microscopic projections lining the wall of the small intestine
Sigmoid Colon S-shaped portion of the large intestine
Large Intestine complete absorption take place
Bile yellowish-green secretion
Bilirubin give the feces a brownish color
Pancreas both a exocrine gland & endocrine gland
Endocrine Gland secrete into the bloodstream like the hormone insulin
Gallbladder it stores & concentrates bile for later use
Expiration passive phase of breathing
Paranasal Sinuses are hollow areas or cavities within the skull
Pharynx (throat) serves as common passageway for both air and food
Oropharynx middle portion of the pharynx
Larynx voice box
Adam’s apple the most prominent of which is the thyroid cartilage at the front (in males)
Trachea wind pipe
Alveoli air sacs
Mediastinum the space between the lungs
Hemorrhoids swollen vein in the distal rectum or anus
SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome) – known as the crib death
Created by: brittanymichelle