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Muscles and Joints

muscle located in the fleshy part of the cheek buccinator
muscle located above and near the ear temporal
muscle located a the angle of the jaw, used for biting and chewing masseter
muscle that is a triangular shape that extends across the back of the shoulder trapezius
muscle that originates from the vertebrae of the lower back latissimus dorsi**
large, fan-shaped muscle that crosses the upper part of the front of the chest pectoralis major**
muscle that covers the shoulder joint deltoid
muscle that forms most of the fleshy part of the buttock gluteus maximus**
smaller muscle located above the outer quadrant of the gluteus maximus muscle gluteus medius**
muscle that is the main muscle of the calf gastrocnemius
muscle that is positioned on the front of the leg. responsible for turning the foot inward and for dorsiflexing the foot tibialis anterior
longer than they are wide, have distinctive shape ends long bones
as long as they are wide, boxlike short bones
broad and thin with flat surfaces, sometimes curved contracture**
thin sheets of fibrous connective tissue that penetrate and cover the entire muscle, holding fibers together fascia**
the point of attachment of a muscle to a bone it moves diaphysis
muscles that act without concious control, they are controlled by the autonomic nervous system and hormones located at each end of long bone, where muscle attach
layer of carilage which allows bone growith epiphyseal line
weakness of the muscles of the pelvic girdle pelvic girdle weakness**
muscle that have a striped appearance when viewed under a microscope. EX) skeletal and cardiac muscles are examples striated muscle**
attach to the vertebrae and the sternum true ribs
located midline on the anterior portion of body, where the ribs attach torso** or trunk
group of genetically transmitted disorders characterized by progressive symmetrical wasting of skeletal muscle muscular dystophy
a tear in the muscles that form a "cuff" over the upper end of the arm rotator cuff tear
an injury to the body of the muscle or attachment of the tendon strains
the extraction of a specimen of muscle tissue, through either a biopsy needle or an incisional biopsy, for the purpsoe of examing it under a microscope muscle biopsy
the process of recording the strength of the contraction of a muscle when it is stimulated by an electric current electromyography
the movement of an extremity around in a circular motion circumduction
movement of a bone away from the midline of the body abduction
movement of a bone toward the midline of the body adduction
joint pain arthralgia**
thin layer of cartilage protecting and covering the connecting surfaces of the bones aaricular cartilage
a joint that allows movements in many directions around a central point ball-and-socket joint**
abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe bunion
surgical removal of a bunion bunionectomy**
a small sac that contains synovial fluid for lubricating the area around the joint where friction is most likely to occur bursa
the manual forcing of a joint back into its original position without making an incision closed reduction or closed manipulation
clicking or crackling sounds heard upon joint movement crepitation
foot is bending backward, or upward, at the ankle dorsiflexion
a straightening motion that increases the angle between two bones extension
a bending motion that decreases the angle between two bones flexion
surgical removal of a ganglion ganglionectomy
a joint that allows movement in one direction; a back and forth motion hinge joint
the space between two connecting bones joint cavity
another name is humpback kyphosis
connective tissue bands that join bone to bone, offering support to the joint ligaments
a vague feeling of weakness malaise
increased reaction of the skin to exposure to sunlight photosensitivity**
bending the foot downward, at the ankle, as in ballet dancing plantar flexion
act of turning the palm down or backward pronation
the turning of a bone on its own axis rotation
inflammation of the sciatic nerve, marked by pain and tenderness along the path of the nerve through the thigh and leg sciatica**
an imcomplete dislocation subluxation**
the act of turning the palm up or forward supination
immovable joint suture**
a thick lubricating fluid located in synovial joints synovial fluid**
sticky; gelatinous viscous**
inflammation of the joints arthritis
a cystic tumor developing on a tendon; sometimes occuring on the back of the wrist ganglion
a form of acute arthritis that is characterized by inflammation of the first metatarsal joint of the great toe gout
an acute recurrent inflammatory infection transmitted through the bit of an infected deer tick Lyme disease
also known as degenerative joint disease, most common form of arthritis and results from wear and tear on the joints osteoarthritis
a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease that effects multiple joints of the body rheumatoid arthritis
a surgical puncture of a joint with a needle for the purpose of withdrawing fluid for analysis arthrocentesis
a surgical reconstruction (repair) of a joint arthroplasty
muscles contract and extend to produce what? body movement