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15-16 Test Review

Atmosphere and Winds

QuestionAnswer
winds just above the 30 degrees latitude prevailing westerlies
National Weather Service measures air pressure in these units millibars
ozone absorbs this type of electromagnetic radiation ultraviolet radiation
energy source for winds on Earth the sun
compact barometer with no liquid aneroid barometer
winds are caused by differences in this temperature
pressure does this as the altitude increases decreases
percent of Nitrogen in dry air 78%
the main layers of the atmosphere are classified according to their changes in this temperature
fluffy white clouds cumulus
happens to dry air when it is heated rises
water vapor is water in this state of matter gaseous
form when water vapor condenses on solid particles clouds
winds that blow between the equator and the poles global winds
instrument used to measure relative humidity psychrometer
this acting on the roof of your house comes from air above and below the roof pressure
type of electromagnetic radiation that is slower and can be felt as heat infrared radiation
layered clouds which often bring rain stratus
the density of air will increase, while the altitude does this decreases
any form of water which falls to Earth's surface precipitation
as an air mass rises up a mountainside the temperature does this decreases
process by which gases hold heat in the atmosphere greenhouse effect
local winds which moves from the land to a body of water land breeze
large fluffy cloud which often produces thunderstorms cumulonimbus
clouds low to the surface on cool morinings fog
clouds formed by pollution smog
winds above and below the equator trade winds
distance above sea level altitude
coldest layer of the atmosphere mesosphere
layer of the atmosphere which gets warmer with altitude stratosphere
frozen precipitation which is light and fluffy snow
frozen rain is also called this sleet
follows a disturbance in the clouds thunder/thunderstorm
O3 ozone
a clothes dryer is an example of what method of heat transfer convection
this is used to measure the condensed water vaor that falls to Earth rain gauge
temperature in which water vapor condenses dew point
local wind in the day time sea breeze
cool air masses tend to be more or less dense more dense
a column of mercury will do this as air pressure increases rise
instrument used to measure wind speed anemometer
if the mass is less in a volume of air then this is also less density
thin, high, feathery clouds made of ice crystals cirrus
condensation on solid surfaces dew
these are the three major types of clouds cumulus, stratus, cirrus
as your rise farther in the atmosphere, this is what happens to the air pressure decreases
local wind which moves from a body of water to land sea breeze
global areas of calm doldrums and horse latitudes
this is a form of oxygen with three oxygen atoms in each molecule ozone
this is the difference in an aneroid barometer and a mercury barometer mercury has liquid and aneroid is more portable
these make up the Earth's major wind belts global winds
cool global winds polar easterlies
percent of oxygen in dry air 21%
this is the thin layer of gases that surrounds Earth atmosphere
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place weather
this instrument is used to measure air pressure barometer
caused by differences in air pressure(density) winds
instrument used to measure wind directions weather vane/ wind vane
the Earth's atmosphere provides all of this needed so it is very important to living things gases
local wind at night land breeze
since air has mass, the air in the atmosphere has this density
getting out of breath when climbing a mountain is caused by this the air spreading out and getting thinner/ less oxygen per cubic meter
this kind of winds blow over short distances local winds
layer of the atmosphere where we live troposphere
layer of the atmosphere with ozone stratosphere
layer of the atmosphere with weather troposphere
layer of the atmosphere where meteoroids burn up mesosphere
layer of the atmosphere containing satellites exosphere
layer of the atmosphere where aurora borealis occurs ionosphere/thermosphere
layer of the atmosphere where weather balloons fly stratosphere
Created by: day07 on 2011-03-01



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