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Cardiovascular symdi

Cardiovascular symptom diseases

A reduction in the number of erythrocytes in the blood anemia
Anemia in which mature erythrocytes have a shortened survival and bone marrow responsiveness is decreased hemolytic anemia
Iron-deficiency anemia hypochromic anemia
Anemia in which iron stores are very low or absent iron-deficiency anemia
Caused by a lack of folic acid or vitamin B12 and in certain diseases macrocytic anemia
Caused by megaloblasts in the bone marrow megaloblastic anemia
Characterized by smaller than normal red blood cells microcytic anemia
The hemoglobin in the red blood cells is normal, but this type of anemia still occurs normochromic anemia
An anemia in which red blood cells are the normal size, but there are less of them total normocytic anemia
Caused by a lack of vitamin B12, generally associated with gastric atrophy issues pernicious anemia
A hereditary condition in which two abnormally inherited genes cause red blood cells to change shape sickle cell anemia
An anemia in which there exists an adequate amount of iron but the inability to incorporate it to hemoglobin sideroblastic anemia
A sac formed by the dilatation of the wall of an artery, vein, or the heart aneurysm
Any variation from the normal rhythm of the heart arrhythmia
A generic term for a number of diseases in which the arterial wall becomes thickened and loses elasticity arteriosclerosis
Most common diseases in which a yellowish plaque comprised of cholesterol and other lipid material is formed within the arteries atherosclerosis
Inflammation of an artery arteritis
Pathologic condition of the blood usually referring to disorders of the cellular elements of the blood blood dyscrasias
Any disturbance of the heart rhythm in which the heart rate slows bradyarrhythmia
Slowness of the heartbeat bradycardia
A generalized term for primary noninflammatory disease of the heart muscle (myocardium) cardiomyopathy
A clinical syndrome which reflects a fundamental abnormality in the effective performance of the heart (commonly called CHF) congestive heart failure
Right ventricular enlargement secondary to malformation of the lungs cor pulmonale
Any disease of the coronary arteries coronary artery disease
Formation or presence of a thrombus deep venous thrombosis
Positioning of the heart on the right side of the thorax rather than on the left dextrocardia
The sudden blocking of an artery by a clot or foreign material embolism
Inflammation of the endocardium endocarditis
Patients with a history of heart disease or rheumatic fever may be given antibiotics prior to dental treatment for this SBE prophylaxis
A twitching of the cardiac muscle which is not in a sustained rhythm fibrillation
An abnormal passage or communication between two internal organs fistula
AVF is a communication between an artery and a vein during which blood flows into the neighboring vessel arteriovenous fistula
A congenital disease, passed through the mother, in which the blood does not clot properly, and there is both abnormal internal blood flow and bleeding from the mouth hemophilia
Bleeding; blood escaping dangerously from the vessels hemorrhage
The lack of blood in a body part ischemia
A progressive cancerous disease of the blood-forming tissues leukemia
A temporary increase in leukocytes in the blood leukocytosis
A chronic edema of the extremities lymphedema
Obstruction of blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle mitral stenosis
A bulging of one or both of the mitral valve leaflets mitral valve prolapse
The presence of a large number of monocytes in the blood mononucleosis
A sound heard on auscultation of the heart murmur
Murmurs that are due to turbulent flow through narrowed or otherwise irregular valves or outflow tracts systolic
due to stenosis of the mitral or tricuspid valves or regurgitation of the aortic or pulmonary valves diastolic
Ischemic myocardial necrosis due to the abrupt reduction of coronary blood flow to the myocardium myocardial infarction
Inflammation of the muscular walls of the heart myocarditis
Failure of the communication between the pulmonary artery and the aorta to close in a fetus (PDA) patent ductus arteriosus
An opening in the septum which normally separates the atria patent foramen ovale
Inflammation of the pericardium pericarditis
A pinpoint, perfectly round, purplish-red spot caused by intradermal or submucous hemorrhage petechia
A vascular disease characterized by intermittent bilateral attacks to the fingers and toes Raynaud disease
All layers of the heart are affected by inflammation following rheumatic fever rheumatic heart disease
A state in which blood flow to and perfusion of peripheral tissues is inadequate to sustain life shock
Shock with insufficient vascular volume hypovolemic shock
Shock with inadequate cardiac function cardiogenic shock
Shock with inadequate vasomotor tone vasodilatory shock
The most commonly seen type of shock, an immediate hypersensitivity to a substance such as a bee sting or drug anaphylactic shock
Shock associated with an overwhelming infection septic shock
Any disturbance of the heart rhythm in which the heart rate is abnormally high tachyarhythmia
Excessive rapid action of the heart tachycardia
An anatomic abnormality manifested by severe or total right ventricular outflow tract obstruction and a defect tetralogy of Fallot
Inflammation of a vein associated with thrombus formation thrombophlebitis
A term applied to a variety of abnormalities of sinus node function sick sinus syndrome
Unnaturally and permanently distended veins varicose veins
Anemia that is coexistent with another disease(s). anemia of chronic disease
Any form of anemia caused by bone marrow failure or aplasia of the marrow. aplastic anemia
Created by: medicalstudent11