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Blood Pressure Terms

BP Terms

Viscosity Thickness of blood; ease with which blood flows through the vessels.
Sphymomanometer Instrument used for measurement of arterial blood pressure.
Arrhythmia Abnormal heart rhythm.
Essential hypertension Elevated blood pressure (in hypertensive range) without know cause.
Intermittent hypertension Blood pressure elevates a small amount over the normal range, from time to time without cause.
Palpatory blood pressure Method of obtaining BP whereby brachial or radial artery is palpated while deflating the BP cuff.
Systolic Represents pressure exerted on arteries during heart contraction.
Stethoscope Instruments used for auscultation of korotkoff sounds.
Atherosclerosis Narrowing of the arterial lumen caused by deposits of fatty plaues along the internal wall of the artery.
Blood volume total amount of circulating blood.
Meniscus Curved surface at the top of column of liquid in a tube.
Hypertension Diastolic measurement over 90 mm Hg
Malignant Hypertension Progressive hypertension which produces severe symptoms and has a poor prognosis if left untreated.
Stroke volume Amount of blood ejected from the heart per contraction.
Peripheral Resistance Opposing force of the vessel against the blood; pertaining to the health and elasticity of the vessel.
Hypotension Blood pressure lower than the normal range - 80 mm hg systolic is necessary for renal perfusion.
Blood pressure Force exerted by the blood against the vessel wall.
Korotkoff sounds sounds or beats heard through the stethoscope while cuff is being deflated.
Diastolic Pressure Lowest pressure against wall of the artery, during relaxation of the ventricle of the heart.
Arteriosclerosis Harding, thickening and loss of elasticity (narrowing) of the arterial wall.
Cardiac output Amount of blood ejected from the heart per minute.
Created by: jr87