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SS Chapter 5

SS chapt 5 lessons 1-3-The Struggle to Found Colonies

QuestionAnswer
Roanoke Island England's first attempt
Virginia where three English ships carrying 120 colonists reached in 1607
Jamestown a peninsula in the Hudson River where they chose to unload their ships
Queen Elizabeth I ruled England from 1558 to 1603; wanted colonies in North America
Walter Raleigh close advisor to Queen Elizabeth I; offered to orgnize the first colony in North America
John White led men, women, and childrent to Roanoke Island to start a colony
Francis Drake Famous English captain; began a historic voyage around the world; his ship was captured by the Spanish; called the "Master Thief" by the Spanish
John Smith called Jamestown "a very fit place for erecting a great city"; but he was wrong because the land was low and swampy
Chief Powhatan leader of the Powhatan people; John Smith traded corn with him which helped keep the colonists alive
Pocahontas Chief Powatan's youngest daughter who visited Jamestown often; saved John Smith's life when she persuaded her father to let him go
John Rolfe raised a crop of tobacco in the rich soil of Virginia
King James I did not approve of tobacco and called smoking "hateful to the nose, harmful to the brain, dangerous to the lungs"; he was right about the harmful effects of smoking
charter a document that permitted colonists to settle on land claimed by their ruler
stock shares in a company; the way owners of the Virginia Company raised money by selling it
cash crop crop grown for profit; tobacco was Virginia's first
indentured servant a person who agrees to work for someone for a certain amount of time in exchange for the cost of the ocean voyage to North America; they hoped to buy land of their own when they gained their freedom
House of Burgesses the first law-making assembly in an English colony; members were chosed to represent each district; helped establish the tradition of self-government in the English colonies
why did the English and Spanish want colonies in America to find gold and other natural resources
why was Walter Raleigh a good choice as the organizer of the first English colony in North America? explored North America in the early 1580's
how did a war between England and Spain affect the fate of the Roanoke Island settlement? England needed all of its ships for the war, so John White could not return with a shipload of supplies until years later
two items the Virginia company needed before it could build a settlement in Virginia money to support the colony and a charter from King James I
How John Smith helped the Jamestown colony survive the colonists focused more on survival than on finding gold under this person's leadership
this caused Jamestown and nearby farms to grow rapidly after 1612 the cash crop tobacco began to be cultivated
this motivated most indentured servants to leave their home country for Jamestown the hope of being able to buy their own land when they gained their freedom
something significant about the House of Burgesses it was the first law making assembly in an English colony
Quebec a French colony founded by Samuel de Champlain located on the St. Lawrence River
St. Lawrence River where millions of beavers lived; beaver fur was used for profit in Europe; where Quebec was founded
New France name of the French colonies; French colonies in North America, including Montreal
Hudson River named after Henry Hudson; Hudson thought it would become the Northwest Passage, but it was too shallow for travel
New Netherland Dutch coloines in North America; another name for Holland
New Amsterdam Dutch built this town on Manhatten Island; from this spot the Dutch could control trade on the Hudson River; ideal location helped it become the biggest and most important Dutch settlement in North America
Samuel de Champlain French explorer; part of an expedition tht explored the St. Lawrence River; part of an epedition that explored the St. Lawrence River
Henry Hudson had a river named after him; English sea captain who went in search for new water routes to Asia
John Cabot sailed under the flag of England; reached the mainland of North America in 1497
Jacques Cartier born in France; sailed under the flag of France and reached present day Canada in 1534
Giovanni de Verrazano Born in Italy; sailed under the French flag of France; became the first European to reach the mouth of what became known as the Hudson River in 1525
Explorers of North America Cabot, da Verrazano, Cartier, de Champlain, Hudson
Northwest Passage a waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
Reason explorers searched for the Northwest Passage to make it easier for ships to sail from Europe to Asia
Even though he failed to find the Northwest Passage, what did Champlain accomplish? claimed land for the French
Even though he failed to find the Northwest Passage, what did Hudson accomplish? claimed land for the Dutch
the Dutch settlers chose Manhatten Island as the site of New Amsterdam for this reason to be able to control trade on the Hudson River
the search for the Northwest Passage led to the founding of New France and New Netherland this way explorers found places that were good for colonies because they had good transportation and abundant natural resources
New England named by John Smith; where the pilgrims landed which was much farther north than Cape Cod
Plymouth the rocky harbor; where the Pilgrims decided to find a place to settle
Boston a peninsula in Massachusetts Bay
Masschusetts Bay Colony name Puritans called their colony
William Bradford leader of a group of Separatists; this group wanted to separate from the Church of England
Samoset a Native American who walked into their settlemtn and called out "Welcome, Englishmen!"; learned English from fishermen and traders
Squanto Native American; captured by European traders and sold into slavery in Spain; later freed and went to England where he learned English
failed to find the Northwest Passage Cabot, da Verrazano, Cartier
Native Americans who learned to speak English Squanto and Samoset
Massasoit leader of Wamponoag people; Squanto helped the Pilgrims make a peace treaty with this leader
Pilgrim person who travels to a new place for religious reasons
Seperatist group of people from England who wanted to separate themselves from the Church of England; some traveled to North America in search of religious freedom
persecution unjust treatment because of one's beliefs
Puritan group of people who wanted to "purify" the Church of England; they established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630
Mayflower Compact plan of government written by the Pilgrims who sailed on the Mayflower
Main reason the Pilgrims came to New England religious freedom
What factor caused the Pilgrims to land at Cape Cod rather than in Virginia as planned bad weather pushed them off course
the Mayflower Compact was a step toward self government because said that the Pilgrim's government would creat fair laws for the good of everyone at Plymouth; those who signed it agreed to obey those laws
the way Native Americans helped the Pilgrims showed them where to hunt and fish and how to grow corn
the Puritans and Pilgrims left England because faced persecution for their religious beliefs
what does John Winthrop's statement mean when he compared the Puritan colony to a "City upon a hill" Puritans should set an example for others to see and follow: Puritans should be as visible as a city on a hill
Created by: fhershey on 2006-11-20



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