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World Religions2011

QuestionAnswer
Trimurti Hindu gods Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu
Brahma Hindu Creator God
Shiva Hindu God of Fertility and destruction
Vishnu Hindu Preserver of the universe 10 Avatars Matsya, Kurma, Varaha (animals), Narasimha (man-lion), Vamana (dwarf), Parasurama, Rama, Krishna, Siddhartha Gautama, Kalki (men)
Hindu Ways to salvation Works (Karma) Knowledge (Jyana) Devotion (Bhakti)
Hindu Scriptures Shruti(4 vedas, Upanishads, Aranyakas, Brahmanas), Smriti (contains everything else, especially Mahabharata and Ramayana)
Bhagavad Gita Part of Mahabharata; Song Celestial concerning Krishna, who as an avatar of the god Vishnu, teaches the ways of salvation, particularly through devotion (Arjuna-Chariot)
Modern Hinduism Hare Krishna (ISKCON)(One of a very few proselyting Indian Religions)
Ahimsa Noninjury, nonviolence, noncoercion, reverence for all life
Aryans Pastoral nomads who migrated to India and conquered the Dravidians, beginning Caste system
Atman Eternal self/soul The self or inner essence of the universe and of man
The Absolute-the ultimate ground underlying everything-the reality that is the source of all being and all knowing Brahman
Consorts of Shiva Durga (mother and warrior) Kali (divine mother;the goddess of destruction-mother of life and destroyer) Parvati (perfect woman)
Ganesha Lord of Ganas-elephant headed son of Shiva and Parvati
Rig Veda First religious text, first of the four vedas
Indiginous people of India Dravidians
To Transcend this life and gain release from the cycle of rebirths in Hinduism Moksha
Saddhu Religious Ascetic, given to meditation and wandering
Namaste Greeting the god within each other
Jainism's Founder Mahavira (born to rich Kshatriya [Warrior Caste], his mother had 14 auspicious dreams)
Digambara Svetambara Two schools of thought in Jainism
More conservative Jains, naked monks,... Digambara
Svetambara Less Conservative Jains, white monks
Thirtankara "Ford-Finders": find release from life, free from defects such as hunger, thirst, need for sleep, fear, disease, and aging. Mahavira is the last of 24. Lead the way for others
Karma-Matter The amount of Karma one has acquired, which determines the direction their entity moves
1. Never take life 2. Never be untruthful 3. Never take what is not given 4. Never be unchaste 5. Never be attached to anything Jain Monastic Vows
Three Pillars of Jainism Right Faith, Right Conduct, Right Knowledge Ahimsa, Asceticism, Meditation
Kashaya Attraction-makes karma stick to an individual-having more builds desire for more (like greed, lust, pride-insatiable) Only way to stop it is self-denial
Jiva semblence of identity (individual entities inside the collective soul in Jainism)
Angas, Siddhanta Agamas Svetambara central scriptures, Digambara Scripture (respectively)
Buddhism's Founder Siddhartha Gautama
Thunder Bolt Buddhism Vajrayana (Tibetan)
Amitabha Buddha of Boundless Light, Lord of the Western Paradise
Greater Vehicle Buddhism Different Schools: Amitabha(pure land-western paradise) Nichiren(sociopolitical) Zen(Meditative) Mahayana
Theravada Historical Conservative Buddhism Way of the Monks
Messiah Buddha Maitreya
Medicine Buddha Bhaisajyaguru
Vairocana Cosmic Buddha
Avalokitesvara Bodhisatva that embodies compassion of all Buddhas, incarnate in the Dalai Lama
Zen Religion of Japanese Samurai
Theravada Main Scriptures (Three Baskets) Tripitaka
Mahayana Main Scripture (particularly in Nichiren and Tantai Schools) Lotus Suttra
Repeated sacred words/chant Mantra
Four Noble Truths in Buddhism 1. Life is suffering/pain 2. Suffering comes from appetites and desires 3. Appetites can be overcome 4. The way to overcome them is through the 8-fold or middle path
White elephant Animal associated with Siddhartha's conception
Buddhism Schools Theravada (southern) Mahayana (Northern) Vajrayana (Tibet)
Nirvana Release from the cycle of rebirths (Buddhism)
Bodhisattva Mahayana Buddhism-Helping beings, putting off personal Nirvana until everyone else has achieved it. (Especially the Dalai Lama)
Sikh Founder Guru Nanak
Sikh Leaders 10 Gurus Teachers
Last Guru Founded the Khalsa Gobind Singh
Sikh Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib
Khalsa Panj Piare "The Pure Ones", True Disciples, Sant-Sapahi Males Take on the name "Singh" (Lion) Females the name "Kaur" (Princess) Has decision making power "Five Beloved Ones"
Khalsa Rules Baptism: Amrit and two-edged sword Wherever there are 5, it is a whole Khalsa Wear 5 marks No class distinctions Honesty, Tithing, no gambling, theft, or tobacco/alcohol, regard others as members of own family
5 marks of the Khalsa Kesh-Hair Kanga-Comb Kaccha-Undergarments Karn-Bangles Kirpan-Dagger
Sikh Greeting Sat Sri Akal-God is Truth WaheGurujiKaKhalsa, Wahegurujikaakal
Truth is High, but Higher still is Truthful living Amrit-Cleansing Externally&Internally Drink or Nectar used for baptism
Seva Simran/NamSimran Service Meditation/Chanting Waheguru
Gurdwara Temple Darbar Hall, Guru Granth Sahib, Langar (communal kitchen)
"Sangat Sits in Pangat" The congregation sits together, equally
Hukam God's Will-flip open the book, read what you see, that is what God wants you to do for the day.
Akand Path Continuous reading of the Guru Granth, for special occasions, whole families participate
Raghi Khirta Spiritual Sikh Musicians Singing of Raghis
Operation Blue Star 1984-shoot out an extremist inside the temple, ends a massacre, Indira Ghandi assassinated, Huge massacre of Sikhs-unchecked rioting...
Punjab Amritsar State of Sikhs Capital City
Haumai The Natural man/arm of flesh/pride/self-reliance, not god reliance (all of these are bad-humility and submissiveness to God&Spirit are core values)
Sikh God "The True Name" Waheguru (great teacher)
Dharma duty, righteous living
"A Man filled with the love of God is not content with blessing his family alone, but ranges through the whole world, anxious to bless the whole of the human race Joseph Smith
What a monster is prejudice! It means prejudging. How many of us are guilty of it? Often we need only to test ourselves. Our expressions, our voice tones, our movements, our thoughts betray us. Spencer W. Kimball
We ought always to be aware of those prejudices which sometimes so strangely present themselves against our friends, neighbors, and brethren of the world who choose to differ from us in opinion and matters of faith. Our religion is between us and our God. Their religion is between them and their God. Our faith gives scope to the mind, which enables us to conduct ourselves with greater liberality towards all that are not of our faith. Joseph Smith
My policy has always been one of friendship. The latter-day Saints have had enemies enough. I respond with my feelings of love and respect to my friends who have been critical of me and my religion. They are my brothers and sisters, and I can harbor no feelings of ill will against them (in response to attacks by people in the reogranized church) George Albert Smith
We want to be good neighbors; we want to be good friends. We feel we can differ theologically with people without being disagreeable in any sense. we have many friends and many associations with people who are not of our faith, with whom we dealconstantly and we have a wonderful relationship. Be friendly. Be understanding. Be tolerant. Be considerate. Be respectful of opinions and feelings of other people. Recognize their virtues; don't look for their faults. Look for their strengths and their virtues,
and you will find strength and virtues that will be helpful in your own life. Gordon B. Hinckley
Seek Learning by Study and faith that you might be instructed more perfectly in all things in heaven and in the earth, things which have been, things which are, things which must shortly come to pass. Things which are at home, things which are abroad, the wars and perplexities of the nations, and a knowledge also of countries and of kingdoms. D&C 88
Syncretism Incorporating new religious ideas into existing faiths
Monism the eternal, unchanging, infinite, immanent, and transcendent reality which is the Divine Ground of all matter, energy, time, space, being, and everything beyond in this Universe.
Taoism Founder Lao Tzu
Tao Text Tao De Ching
Founder of Confucianism Confucius
Confucian Texts The Five Classics The Four Books Shu Ching (Book of History) Shih Ching (Book of Poetry) Ching (Book of Changes Ch'un Ch'iu (Spring and Autumn Annals) Li Chi (Book of Ritual) Lun Yu (Analects) Chung Yung (Doctrine of the Mean) Ta Hsueh (Great Learning) Meng Tzu (Book of Mencius
The "Most important single source of the life and verbatim sayings of Confucius..." The Analects
Shinto Japanese Religion Directly Translated: Way of God
Protocol, Propriety, Proper Ritual, Manners Li
True Correspondence between words and realities, between titles and behavior, rectification of names Cheng Ming
"Gods" in Japanese Kami
Love, Benevolence, Goodness Jen
The True, Perfect, or Ideal Person (Confucianism) Chun Tzu
The Five Elements Theory wood-fire-earth-metal-water Orders used to explain the progression of change (Tao) Wu-Hsing
Respects and Obedience for elders (Especially Parents) Hsiao (Filial Piety)
Central Harmony, The Golden Mean (Confucianism) Chug Yung
Wu-Wei (Tao) Non-action, going with the flow-acceptance, but not laziness
Shinto Texts "Record of Ancient Matters" Kojiki
Izanagi Shinto mythological primal man, Kami of the Sky
Shinto Mythological first woman, Kami of the Earth Izanami
Shinto Goddess astounded by her own beauty and direct ancestor of Japanese Emperor Amaterasu
Zoroastrian Redeemer, Messiah Figure Saoshyant
Zoroastrian Evil Entity (Hostile Spirit) Angra Mainyu
Zoroastrian Supreme Being, Creator of the World (Lord of Wisdom) Ahura Mazda
Zoroastrian "Guardian Angel" Fravashi
Shinto Festivals Matsuri
Zoroastrian Texts/Scriptures Avestas
Code of the Samurai Bushido
Torah Main Jewish Text/Pentateuch
Ceremony of initiation for Zoroastrian kids coming of age Navejot
Bar/Bat Mitzvah Ceremony of initiation for Jewish kids
Jewish New Year Rosh Hashana
Day of Atonement (Judaism) Yom Kippur
Seven Day Festival in Spring celebrating exodus from Egypt Passover
Means Fit, usually refers to a proper Jewish diet Kosher
Seder The name for the Passover Meal
The Foundational writings of an orthodox Jewish life (Regarding Law, Lore, and Lifestyle) Talmud
Two Promises given to Abraham as part of his covenant Seed as numerous as the sand/stars A land of Promise
Kippah Yarmulke/Head covering in Jewish culture
Tallit Prayer Shawl
95 Theses tacked to a door, originated in Germany Lutheran
Arose from Anglicanism in Britain against predestination; also emphasized small congregationis with itinerate preachers Methodism
Calvinism Origin in Geneva, Switzerland; Belief in predestination and "Total Depravity" of man.
Quakers George Fox was the founder of this religion, authority or inspiration and revelation
Ecumenical Movement Reuniting Catholicism and Orthodoxy
Eucharist Catholic Sacrament of Bread and Wine
5 Pillars of Islam Shahada Salat Sawm Zagat Hajj Creed (There is one God, Muhammad is His Messenger) Daily Prayers (5 Times Daily) Fasting During Ramadan Almsgiving Pilgrimage to Mecca once during lifetime
Created by: smellyjelly33 on 2011-02-17



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