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AHS 1001 chapter 10

musculoskeletal medical terminology

appendage any body part attached to the main structure
articulation place of union between two or more bones, also called a joint
cancellous spongy or pourous structure, as found on the end of long bones
cruciate ligaments ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles
hematopoiesis production and development on blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
adduction moves closer to the midline
abduction moves away from the midline
flexion decreases the angle of a joint
extension increases the angle of a joint
rotation moves a bone around its own axis
pronation turns the palm down
suplination turns the palm up
inversion moves the sole of the foot inward
eversion moves the sole of the food outward
dorsiflexion elevates the foot
plantar flexion lowers the foot (points the toe)
ankyl- stiffness; bent, crooked
arthr- joint
kyph- humpback
lamin- lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
lord- curve, swayback
myel- bone marrow, spinal cord
orth- straight
oste- bone
ped- foot; child
scoli- crooked, bent
thorac- chest
acromi- acromion (projection of the scapula)
brachi- arm
calcane- calcaneum (heel bone)
Created by: pamrogersrn