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TMS Geo Terms

TMS Geographic Handbook Terms 6th grade

absolute location exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
basin area of land drained by a given river and its branches; area of land surrounded by lands of higher elevation
bay part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf
canyon deep and narrow valley with steep walls
cape point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean
channel wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other; deep part of a river or other waterway
cliff steep, high wall of rock, earth, or ice
continent one of the seven large landmasses on the earth
cultural feature characteristic that humans have created in a place, such as language, religion, housing, and settlement pattern
delta flat, low-lying land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth
divide stretch of high land that separates river systems
downstream direction in which a river or stream flows from its source to its mouth
elevation the height of land above sea level
equator imaginary line that runs around the earth half way between the North and South Poles; used as the starting point to measure degrees of north and south latitude
glacier large, thick body of slowly moving ice
gulf part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally larger and more deeply indented than a bay
harbor a sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely
highland elevated land area such as a hill, mountain, or plateau
hill elevated land with sloping sides and rounded summit; generally smaller than a mountain
island land area, smaller than a continent, completely surrounded by water
isthmus narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas
lake a sizable inland body of water
latitude distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees
longitude distance east or west of the Prime Meridian, measured in degrees
lowland land, usually level, at a low elevation
map drawing of the earth shown on a flat surface
meridian one of many lines on the global grid running from from the North Pole to the South Pole; used to measure degrees of longitude``
mesa broad, flat-topped landform with steep sides; smaller than a plateau
mountain land with steep sides that rises sharply (1,000 feet or more) from surrounding land; generally larger and more rugged than a hill
mountain peak pointed top of a mountain
mouth (of a river) place where a stream or river flows into a larger body of water
ocean one of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the continents
ocean current stream of either cold or warm water that moves in a definite direction through an ocean
parallel one of many lines on the global grid that circle the earth north or south of the Equator; used to measure degrees of latitude
peninsula body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water
physical feature characteristic of a place occurring naturally, such as a landform, body of water, climate pattern, or resource
plain area of level land, usually at a low elevation and often covered in grasses
plateau area of flat or rolling land at a high elevation, about 300-3,000 feet high
Prime Meridian line of the global grid running from the North Pole to the South Pole through Greenwich, England; starting point for measuring degrees of east and west longitude
relief changes in elevation over a given area of land
river large natural stream of water that runs through the land
sea large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land
seacoast land lying next to a sea or ocean
sea level position on land level with surface of nearby ocean or sea
sound body of water between a coastline and one or more islands off the coast
source (of a river) place where a river or stream begins, often in highlands
steppe wide, rolling, grassy plain
strait narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water
tributary small river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream; a branch of the river
upstream direction opposite the flow of a river; toward the source of a river or stream
valley area of low land between hills or mountains
volcano mountain created as liquid rock or ash erupts from inside the earth
Created by: kmcarrillo