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Med. Term. Ch1

Medical Terminology for Health Professions

an inflammation of the tonsils tonsillitis
the surgical removal of the tonsils tonsillectomy
inflammation -itis
surgical removal -ectomy
an adjective that means pertaining to the heart cardiac
heart cardi
pertaining to -ac
abnormal condition or disease -osis
any disease of the stomach gastrosis
blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood cyanosis
cyan blue
mature red blood cell erythrocyte
erythr/o red
white blood cell leukocyte
leuk/o white
cell -cyte
any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues or organs melanosis
melan black
viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord poliomyelitis
poli/o gray
myel spinal cord
neur/o nerve
surgical repair of a nerve neuroplasty
inflammation of a nerve or nerves neuritis
stomach gastr/o
small intestine enter/o
inflammation of the stomach and small intestine gastroenteritis
study of all aspects of diseases pathology
disease path
study of -ology
pain and suffering -algia
pain in the stomach, also known as stomach ache gastralgia
inflammation of the stomach gastritis
abnormal softening -malacia
abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries arteriomalacia
artery arteri/o
enlargement -megaly
abnormal enlargement of the liver hepatomegaly
liver hepat/o
tissue death -necrosis
tissue death of an artery or arteries arterionecrosis
abnormal hardening -sclerosis
abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries arteriosclerosis
abnormal narrowing -stenosis
abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries arteriostenosis
surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes or to remove excess fluid -centesis
surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid abdominocentesis
abdomen abdomin/o
process of producing a picture or record -graphy
process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visible angiography
blood vessel angi/o
a picture or record -gram
the film produced by angiography angiogram
surgical repair -plasty
muscle my/o
surgical repair of a muscle myoplasty
visual examination -scopy
visual examination of the internal structure of a joint arthroscopy
joint arthr/o
bleeding; however, it most often is used to describe sudden, severe bleeding -rrhage
loss of a large amount of blood in a short amount of time hemorrhage
blood hem/o
bursting forth of blood -rrhage
surgical suturing to close a wound and includes the use of sutures, staples, or surgical glue -rrhaphy
flow or discharge and refers to the flow of most body fluids -rrhea
the frequent flow of loose or watery stools diarrhea
rupture -rrhexis
rupture of a muscle myorrhexis
pertaining to birth natal
birth nat
pertaining to -al
the time and events before birth prenatal
before pre-
refers to the time and events surrounding birth perinatal
surrounding peri-
refers to the time and events after birth postnatal
after post-
bad, difficult, or painful dys-
excessive or increased hyper-
higher than normal blood pressure hypertension
between or among inter-
between, but not within, the parts of a tissue interstitial
under, less, or below sub-
below a rib or ribs subcostal
hypo- deficient or decreased
lower than normal blood pressure hypotension
within or inside intra-
within the muscle intramuscular
above or excessive super-, supra-
above or outside the ribs supracostal
study of the ears, nose, and throat otorhinolaryngology
ear ot/o
rhin/o nose
throat laryng
study of the ears and larynx or throat otolaryngology
stone lith
surgical incision for the removal of a stone lithotomy
swelling caused by excess fluid in the body tissues edema
inflammation of the appendix appendicitis
appendix appendic
bones of the fingers and toes phalanges
pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery endarterial
within end-
fatty deposit within the wall of an artery atheroma
plaque or fatty substance ather/o
tumor -oma
pain in a joint or joints arthralgia
surgical removal -ectomy
surgical removal of the appendix appendectomy
surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface -ostomy
surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface colostomy
colon col
one finger or toe bone phalanx
objective evidence of disease such as a fever sign
subjective evidence, such as pain or a headache symptom
set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process syndrome
identification of a disease diagnosis
also known as to rule out, is an attempt to determine which one of several diseases can be producing the signs and symptoms that are present differential diagnosis
prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder prognosis
type of condition that has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration acute
is a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first eponym
the temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure remission
word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term acronym
cutting or a surgical incision -otomy
surgical incision into the colon colotomy
groove or crack-like sore of the skin fissure
an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body fistula
the last and longest portion of the small intestine ileum
part of the hip bone ilium
the invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease producing) organism infection
localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues inflammation
malaise (discomfort or uneasiness), chills, and fever, redness, heat, and swelling or exudate from a wound are all signs and symptoms of what? infection
torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound laceration
pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury lesion
describes any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus mycosis
fungus myc/o
bone marrow or spinal cord myel/o
any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord myelppathy
muscle my/o
describes any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue myopathy
physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin dermatologist
specialist -ologist
study of disorders of the newborn neonatology
new neo-
examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts palpation
pounding or racing heart palpitation
male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra prostate
any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo pyoderma
pus py/o
skin -derma
also known as heartburn, is a discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus pyrosis
fever or fire pyr
act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward supination
formation or discharge of pus suppuration
medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment triage
wound or injury trauma
pertaining to a virus viral
Created by: heartashley