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Chabner, 8e Ch. 15

The Language of Medicine Chapter 15 Musculoskeletal System

calc/o calcium
calci/o calcium
kyph/o humpback, hunchback (posterior curvature in the thoracic region)
lamin/o lamina ( part of the vertebral arch)
lord/o curve, swayback ( anterior curvature in the lumbar region)
lumb/o loins, lower back
myel/o bone marrow
orth/o strait
oste/o bone
scoli/o crooked, bent (lateral curvature)
spondyl/o vertebra (used to make words about conditions of the structure)
vertebr/o vertebra (used to describe the structure itself)
-blast embryonic or immature cell
-clast to break
-listhesis slipping
-malacia softening
-physis to grow
-porosis pore, passage
-tome instrument to cut
acetabul/o acetabulum (hip socket)
calcane/o calcaneus (heel)
carp/o carpals (wrist bones)
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
cost/o ribs (true ribs, false ribs, and floating ribs)
crani/o cranium (skull)
femor/o femur ( thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o ilium ( upper part of pelvic bone)
ischi/o ischium (posterior part of pelvic bone)
malleol/o malleolus (process on each side of the ankle)
mandibul/o mandible (lower jaw bone)
maxill/o maxilla (upper jaw bone)
metacarp/o metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o metatarsals (foot bones)
olecran/o olecranon (elbow)
patell/o patella (kneecap)
pelv/i pelvis (hipbone)
perone/o fibula
phalang/o phalanges (fingers and/or toe bones)
pub/o pubis (anterior part of the pelvic bone)
radi/o radius (lower arm bone-thumb side)
scapul/o scapula (shoulder blade)
stern/o sternum (breast bone)
tars/o tarsals (bones of hind foot)
tibi/o tibia (shin bone-"t" for thicker bone)
uln/o ulna ( lower arm bone-little finger side)
ankyl/o stiff
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
burs/o bursa
chondr/o cartilage
ligament/o ligament
rheumat/o watery flow
synov/o synoval membrane
ten/o tendon
-desis to bind, tie together
-stenosis narrowing
fasci/o fascia (forms sheaths enveloping muscles)
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs
my/o muscle
myocardi/o heart muscle
myos/o muscle
plant/o sole of foot
rhabdomy/o skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones
-asthenia lack of strength
-trophy development, nourishment
ab- away from
ad- toward
dorsi- back
poly- many, much
Created by: Charlene1988