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Elixir a drug that dissolved in a solution of alcohol and water. elixir are sweetened and flavored and are taken orally. ex dimetapp elixir
Emulsion a mixture of fats or oils in water ex. soyacol emusion
Liniment A drug combined with oil, soap, alcohol, or water. Liniments are applied externally, using friction, to produce a feeling of heat or warmth. ex Heet Liniment
Lotions An aqueous preparation that contains suspended ingredients. Lotions are used to treat external skin conditions. They work to sooth, protect, and moisten skin and to destroy bacteria. ex Caladryl Lotion
Solution A liquid preparation that contains one or more completely dissolved substance. The dissolved substance is known as the solute, and the liquid in which it is dissolved in known as the solvent. ex Polysporin Ophthalmic Solution
Spirit A drug combined with an alcoholic solution that is volatile ( a substance that is volatile evaporates readily). ex aromatic spirit of ammonia
Spray A fine stream of medicated vapor, usually used to treat nose and throat conditions. ex Dristan Nasal Spray
Suspension A drug that contains solid insoluble drug particles in a liquid; the preparations must be shaken before administration. ex Amoxicillin Oral suspension
Suspension A pressurized form in which solid aerosol or liquid drug particles are suspended in a gas to be dispensed in a cloud or mist. ex Proventil Inhalation Aerosol
Syrup A drug dissolved in a solution of sugar, water, and sometimes a flavoring to disguise an unpleasant taste. ex Robitussin Cough Syrup
Tincture A drug dissolved in a solution of alcohol or alcohol and water. ex tincture of iodine
Tablet A powdered drug; that has been pressed into a disc. Some tablets are scored; that is, they are marked with an indentation so that they can be broken into halves or quarters for proper dosages. ex Tylenol Tablets
Chewable Tablets A powdered drug that has been flavored and pressed into a disc. Chewable tablets are often used for antacids, antiflatulents, and children medications. ex Pepto-Bismol Chewable tablets
Sublingual tablets A powered drug that has been pressed into a disc and designed to dissolve under the tongue, which permits its rapid absorption into the bloodstream. ex nitroglycerin sublingual tablets ( Nitrostat)
Enteric-coated tablets A tablet coated with a substance that prevents it from dissolving until it reaches the intestines. It protects it from the stomach juices and keeps it from being destroyed. ex Ecotrin Enteric-coated aspirin
Capsule A drug contained in a gelatin capsule that is water-soluble and functions to prevent the patient from tasting the drug. ex Benadryl Capsules
Sustained-release capsules A capsule that contains granules that dissolves at different rates to provide a gradual and continuous rates to release medication.ex Contact 12- hour sustained release capsules
Caplet A drug contained in an oblong tablet with a smooth coating to make swallowing easier. ex Advil caplets
Lozenge A drug contained in a candy like base. Lozenge are circular and are designed on the tongue. ex Chloraseptic Throat Lozenges
Cream A drug combined in a base that is generally non-greasy, resulting in a semisolid preparation. cream are applied externally to the skin. ex Cortisporin topical ointment
Ointment A drug with an oil base, resulting in a semi solid preparation. Ointments are applied externally to the skin and usually are greasy. ex hydrocortisone ointment cream
Suppository A drug mixed with a firm base, such as cocoa butter, that is designed to melt at body temperature. A suppository is shaped into a cylinder or a cone for easy insertion into the body cavity, such as the rectum or vagina. ex Preparation H Suppositores
Transdermal patch A patch with an adhesive backing, which contains a drug, that is applied to the skin. The drug enters the circulation after being absorbed through the skin. ex nitroglycerin patches (Nitro-Dur)
Created by: jab10