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Lang. Medicine ch 7

Language of Medicine 7th edition Ch 7

cali/o calyx
calic/o calyx
cyst/o urinary bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus(collection on capillaries)
meat/o meatus
nephr/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
trigon/o trigone(region of the bladder)
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
vesic/o urinary bladder
albumin/o albumin(a protein in the blood)
bacteri/o bacteria
dips/o thirst
ket/o ketone bodies(ketoacids and acetone)
keton/o ketone bodies(ketoacids and acetone)
lith/o stone
noct/i night
olig/o scanty
-poietin substance that forms
py/o pus
-tripsy to crush
ur/o urine(urea)
urin/o urine
-uria urination, urine condition
in- not
-tin hold
con- together
ADH Antiduretic hormone, vasopressin
ARF acute renal failure
BILI bilirubin
BUN blood urea nitrogen
CAPD continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
Cath catheter, catherization
CCPD continuous sycling peritoneal dialysis
CKD chronic kidney disease, (a condition during which serum creastinine and BUN levels rise and may reslut in impairment of all body systems
CL- chloride: an electrolyte excreted by the kidney
CRF chronic renal failure: progressive loss of kidney function
cysto cystoscopic examination
ESRD end-stage renal disease: see CKD
ESWL estracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
HCO3- bicarbonate: an electrolyte conserved by the kidney
HD hemodialysis
IC interstitial cystitis: chronic inflammation of the bladder wall: not caused by bacterial infection and not responsive to conventional antibiotic therapy
IVP intravenous pyelogram
K+ potassium, an electrolyte
KUB kidney, ureter and bladder
Na+ sodium, an electrolyte
PD peritoneal dialysis
pH symbol for degree of acidity or alkalinity
PKU phenylketonuria
sp gr specific gravity
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
VCUG voiding cystourethrogram
Kidney 1 of 2 bean shaped organs retroperioneal bilateral of the spine in the lumbar regions. Weight 4-6 ozs
Cortex outer core of the kidney
Medulla region inner region of the kidney
Ureter 2 musular tubes 16-18" lond lined w muous membranes. Carry urine in peristaltic waves to the urinary bladder
Urinary Bladder hollow muscular sac in the pelvic cavity, Temporary reserve for urine.
Trigone Triangle space at the base of the bladder where ureters enter and the urethra exits.
Urethra membranous tube that carries urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body.
Micturition/ Urination Voiding process of expellin urine thru the urethra
Meatus external opening of the urethra
Created by: nancygolden