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Chpts 18 & 19

endocrine and cancer

GH growth hormone
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone
aden/o adenoids (glands)
adren/o, adrenal/o adrenal gland
gonad/o sex glands
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
andr/o male
cortic/o cortex
crin/o secrete
dips/o thirst
myx/o mucus
phys/o growing
somat/o body
toc/o childbirth
-agon assemble, gather
-emia blood condition
-in, -ine a substance
-tropin stimulating the function
Cushing Syndrome hypercortisol from adrenal cortex
Addison disease Hypofunction of adrenal cortex
diabetes mellitus (type 1) lack of insulin (young persons)
diabetes melliuts (type 2) insulin resistant (older persons)
gestational diabetes during pregnancy
acromegaly hypersecretion of growth hormone after puberty
giantism hypersecretion of growth hormone before puberty
diabetes insipidus insufficient antidiuretic hormone
thyroid function test measurement of T3, T4 and TSH in blood
FSB fasting blood sugar
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type 1)
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type 2)
SIADH syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
grade degree of maturity
stage spread within the body
Tis Carcinoma in situ
Tx positive malignancy
T1 Tumor <3 cm diameter
T2 Tumor >3 cm diameter
T3 Tumor with direct extension into chest wall
T4 Tumor invades mediastinum
N0 No node involvement
N1 Ipsilateral bronchopulmonary notes involved
N2 Ipsilateral mediastinal nodes involved
N3 contralateral mediastinal notes involved
M0 no metastasis
M1 metastases present
alveol/o small sac
cac/o bad
follicul/o small glandular sacs
medull/o soft, inner part
mut/a genetic change
mutagen/o causing genetic change
onc/o tumor
papill/o finger-like
pharmac/o chemical, drug
plas/o formation
ple/o many, more
polyp/o polyp
prot/o first
scirrh/o hard
sarc/o flesh, connective tissue
xer/o dry
-blastoma immature tumor
-plasia formation, growth
-plasm formation, growth
ana- backward
apo- off, away
brachy- short (distance)
epi- upon
meta- beyond; change
tele- far
protein marker tests measure the level of proteins in the blood
BMT bone marrow transplant
CEA carcinoembryonic antigen
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
NHL non-HOdgkin lymphona
PSA prostate-specific antigen
TNM tumor, nodes, metastases
Created by: bspitzzeri