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Test Chapter 19/20

Language of Medicine

Which term includes sessile and pedunculated types of growths? Polypoid
What does staging a tumore mean? Assessing the extent of tumor spread
What is the definition of mutation? Inheritable change in a cell/change in the genetic material of a cell
Which is an example of genetic material that causes cancer? Oncogens
Which is a description of exenteration? Wide resection of a tumor and removal of surrounding tissues
Which is a description of pharmacokinetics? Study of the distribution and removal of the drugs in the body
What term means assisting or aiding? Adjuvant
Which term is used in treatment of tumors with radiation? Linear accelerator
Which is a description of an estrogen receptor assay? Tests the concentration of hormone receptor sites in cells of breast cancer patients
Which best describes a wide surgical incision of the abdomen to detect disease Staging laparotomy
Which term means cancerous tumor derived from bone? Osteogenic sarcoma
A side effect of radiation therapy (redness of skin)? Erythema
A side effect of chemotherapy or radiotherapy (hair loss): Alopecia
Inflammation of the inner lining of an organ: Mucositis
What does a radiologist do? specializes in diagnostic techniques such as a ultrasound, MRI, and CT scans
X-ray of the renal pelvis and urinary tract after injecting dye into a vein: IVP
Myelogram: x-ray of the spinal cord
Which is an s-ray of a joint? arthrogram
Which term describes an x-ray test to show an organ in depth? tomography
In which test is a radiopharmaceutical injected intravenously and traced within the vessels of the lung? perfusion study of the lung
What is an in vivo test? experiments are performed in a living organism
PACS is a: system to replace traditional films with digital equivalents
FDG is a: radiopharmaceutical used in a PET scan
DICOM is a: protocol for transmission between imaging devices
Radiopaque substances are given and x-rays are taken contrast studies
Use of motion picture techniques to record x-ray images cineradiography
Echoes of high-frequecy sound waves are used to diagnose disease ultrasonography
X-ray beams are focused from the body onto an image intensifier that glows as a result of the ionizing effect of x-rays fluroscopy
a magnetic fielf and radio waves are used to form images of the body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
X-ray pictures are taken circularly around an area of the body and a computer synthesizes the information into a composite axial picture computed tomography (CT)
Therapeutic procedures are performed by a radiologist under the guidance of fluoroscopy or ultrasound intervental radiology
x-ray of joints arthrography
x-ray of spinal cord myelography
x-ray of uterus and falllopian tubes hysterosalpingography
x-ray of blood vessels angiography
x-ray of esophagus, stomach, and small intestine upper GI series
x-ray of lower gastrointestinal tach barium enema
x-ray of renal pelvis and urinary tract pyelography
x-ray of bile vessels (ducts) cholangiography
radioactive drug (radionuclide plus chemical) that is administered for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes radiopharmaceutical
small nipple-like projections: papillary
abnormal formation of cells dysplastic
a physician who specializes in diagnostic radiology radiologist
study of the uses of radioactive substances in the diagnosis of disease: nuclear medicine
removal of tumor and a margin of normal tissue for diagnosis and possible cure of small tumors excisional biopsy
burning a lesion to destroy tumor cells cauterization
wide resection involving removal of tumor, its organ of origin, and surrounding tissue in the body space exenteration
destruction of tissue by electric sparks generated by high-frequency current fulguration
removal of entire tumor and regional lymph nodes en bloc resection
freezing a lesion to kill tumor cells cryosurgery
cutting into a tumor and removing a piece to establish a diagnosis incisional biopsy
Created by: 1140386364