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Oxygen given to patients with angina pectoris (acute severe chest pain). Causes vasodilatation and protects the tissues from hypoxia. Can b administeres through cannula or facial mask.
Epinephrine Sympathetic drug used to manage cardiac arrest because it increases heart contractibility.
Isoproterenol (Isuprel) Produces overall increase in heart rate and myocardial contractibility, but newer agents have replaced it in most clinical settings.
Dopamine (Intropin) Indicated and used in cases with hypotension. Causes vasocontriction (narrowing of blood vessel). Should be used at lowest dose that roduces adequate perfusion of vital organs.
Beta Blockers: Propranolol, Metoprolol, Atenolol, and Esmolol Reduce heart rate, blod pressure, myocardial contractibility,myocardial oxygen consumption which make them effective in treatment of angina pectoris & hypertension.
Beta Blockers: Propranolol, Metoprolol, Atenolol, and Esmolol (Continued) Useful in preventing atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter,paroxysmal supra-ventricular tachycardia. Adverse effects are hypotension, broncho spasm, and CHF.
Lidocaine Suppression of ventricular ectopy contractions. Excessive doses can produce neurological changes. In large doses it causes myocardia depression and circulatory depression.
Verapamil Used in treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia,effetive in ending moe than 90% of episodes in adults and infants. Vigiant monitoring of blood pressure is recommended.
Digitalis Increases force of cardiac contraction and cardiac output. Has high toxicity and patients need monitoring for symptoms such as yellow vision, nausea, etc.
Morphine Sulfate Traditional drug for pain and anxiety associated with acute myocardial infarction. In high doses it can cause respiratory depression. Controlled substance and tendency for abuse and addiction.
Nitroglycerin Powerful smooth muscle relaxant effective in relieving angina pectoris . Headache is a common consequence and hypotension as well.
Created by: maydelinjimenez