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Cardiovas Drugs <3

Commonly Used Cardiovascular Drugs

Oxygen Given to all patients with ANGINE PECTORIS(severe chest pain). Causes vasodilation and protects the tissue from hypoxia and is adminstered through cannula or facial mask.
Epinephrine Sympathis drug which mangaes cardiac arrest by increasing heart contractibility
Isoproternol(Isuprel) Increases heart rate and myocardial contractility but has been replaced in most clinincal settings
Dopamine(Intropin) Causes VASOCONSTRICTION(narrowing of the blood vessel) used for patients w/ hypotension and admin. w/ lowest dose adequate
Beta Blockers ( Propranolol, Metoprolol, Atenolol, and Esmolol) Reduces heart rate, blood pressure, myocardial contractility, oxygen consup.Affective against angina pectoris and hypertension and prevent atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, and tachy cardia. Can cause broncho-spasm, CHF,hypotension.
Lidocaine Supprese Ventricaular ectopy contractions, ven. tachycardia, and ven flutter. Excessive doses can cause neurological changes, drowseness, cardiac system depression, disorientation, paresthisa, muscle twitching, and seizures.
Verapamil Treats PSVT( paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia) and slows response to atrial flutter and fribillation. Users shld monitor blood pressure for fear of hypotension.
Digitalis Increase force of cardic contratiopn as well as cardiac output. Very TOXIC users shld b monitored for signs of symptoms: yellow vision, nasuea, vomiting, and drowsiness.
Morphine Sulfate Used for pain and anxiety assc. w/ AMI(acute mypcardial Infarction) high doses can cause respiratory depression. Useres tend to abuse it.
Nitroglycerine Muscle relaxant that relives angina pectoris. Users may have headache and hypotension and shld sit or lie down while taking it.
Created by: SuDoku4lif