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Civics voc

constituents a person from a legislature's district
exclusive jurisdiction authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
concurrent jurisdiction authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decide cases
foreign policy a nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations
original jurisdiction the authority to hear cases for the first time
joint committee includes members of both houses
executive order a rule or command that has the force of law
precendent a ruling that is used the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case
rider a completely unrelated ammendment tacked to a bill
docket a courts calendar showing the schedule of cases it is to hear
ex post facto a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed; You can't make an act a crime later, after the act has already been committed
special interest group an organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions
brief a written document explaining the position of one side or the other
stare decisis the practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases
electoral college a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
merit hiring people in government jobs on the basis of qualification
White House where the president lives; presidential mansion
census a population count taken by the census bureu
appeals court a court that reviews decisions made in a lower court
Impeach to accuse government officials of misconduct in office
amnesty a pardon to a group of people
judicial review the power of the supreme court to say whether any federal state or local law or government action goes against the constitution
elastic clause clause in Article I section 8 of the constitution that gives congress the power to carry out expressed power
repreve an order to delay a person's punishment until a higher court can hear a case
lobbyist a representative of an interest group who contacts lawyers or other government officials directly to influence the policy making
pocket veto the president's power to kill a bill if congress is not in session by not signing it
dissenting opinion a statement written by a justice who disagrees with the majority opinion, presenting his opinion
electoral votes votes needed to win a presidential election; need at least 270 out of 538 to win
president pro tempore the person who acts as the chairperson of the Senate
Select Committee created to do a special job for a limited period of time
War powers Act president must notify Congress within 48 hours when troops are sent into battle
Speaker of the House the most powerful leader within the House of Representatives
foreign aid money, food, military assistance, or other supplies given to help other countries
Marbury v. Madison established the Supreme Court's power of judicial review
subpeona a court order requiring someone to appear in court
succession the ascension to power by one ruler after the death, resignation, or removal from office of another
Created by: teachergoodwin