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Table 6.2

Compensations, Muscle Imbalances, and Corrective Strategies (NASM)

QuestionAnswer
Anterior - Feet - Turns Out What are the probable overactive muscles? Soleus Lagefal Gastrocnemius Biceps femoris (short head)
Anterior - Feet - Turns Out What are the probable underactive muscles? Medial gastrocnemius Medial hamstring Gracilis Sartorius Popliteus
Anterior - Knees - Move Inward What are the probable overactive muscles? Adductor Complex Biceps femoris (short head) TFL Vastus Lateralis
Anterior - Knees - Move Inward What are the probable underactive muscles? Gluteus medius/maximus Vastus medialis oblique (VMO)
Lateral - LPHC - Excessive Foward Lean What are the probable overactive muscles? Soleus Gastrocnemius Hip flexor complex Abdominal complex
Lateral - LPHC - Excessive Foward Lean What are the probable underactive muscles? Anterior tibialis Gluteus maximus Erector spinae
Lateral - LPHC - Low Back Arches What are the probable overactive muscles? Hip flexor complex Erector spinae Latissimus dorsi
Lateral - LPHC - Low Back Arches What are the probable underactive muscles? Gluteus maximus Hamstrings Intrinsic core stabilizers (transversus abdominis, multifidus, transversospinalis, internal oblique, pelvic floor muscles)
Lateral - Upper Body - Arms Fall Forward What are the probable overactive muscles? Latissimus dorsi Teres major Pectoralis major/minor
Lateral - Upper Body - Arms Fall Forward What are the probable underactive muscles? Mid/lower trapezius Rhomboids Rotator cuff
Lateral - Upper Body - Shoulders Elevate (pushing/pulling assessment) What are the probable overactive muscles? Upper trapezius/scalenes Levator scapulae
Lateral - Upper Body - Shoulders Elevate (pushing/pulling assessment) What are the probable underactive muscles? Mid/lower trapezius Rhomboids Rotator cuff
Lateral - Upper Body - Forward Head (pushing/pulling assessment) What are the probable overactive muscles? Upper trapezius/scalenes Levator scapulae
Lateral - Upper Body - Forward Head (pushing/pulling assessment) What are the probable underactive muscles? Deep cervical flexors
Feet - Turn Out - Foam Roll and Stretch Techniques Gastrocnemius/soleus Biceps femoris (short head)
Knees - Move Inward - Foam Roll and Stretch Techniques Adductors TFL/IT band
Feet - Turn Out - Strength Exercises Single-leg balance reach
Knees - Move Inward - Strength Exercises Tube Walking
LPHC - Excessive Forward Lean - Foam Roll and Stretch Techniques Hip flexor complex Piriformis
LPHC - Low Back Arches - Foam Roll and Stretch Techniques Hip flexor complex Latissimus dorsi Erector spinae
Upper Body - Arms Fall Forward - Foam Roll and Stretch Technique Latissimus dorsi Thoracic spine
Upper Body - Shoulders Elevate (pushing/pulling assessment) - Foam Roll and Stretch Technique Upper trapezius/scalene
Upper Body - Forward Head (pushing/pulling assessment) - Foam Roll and Stretch Technique Upper trapezius/scalene
LPHC - Excessive Forward Lean - Strength Exercises Ball squats
LPHC - Low Back Arches - Stength Exercises Ball squats
Upper Body - Arms Fall Forward - Strength Exercises Squat to row
Upper Body - Shoulders Elevate (pushing/pulling assessment) - Strength Exercises Ball cobra
Upper Body - Forward Head (pushing/pulling assessment) - Strength Exercises Keep head in neutral position during all exercises
What do you observe during the anterior view? Feet - Turns Out Knees - Move Inward
What do you observe during the lateral view? LPHC - Excessive Forward Lean LPHC - Low Back Arches Upper Body - Arms Fall Forward Upper Body - Shoulders Elevate (pushing/pulling assessment) Upper Body - Forward Head (pushing/pulling assessment)
Created by: erickdokendorf on 2010-11-16



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