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chapter 16

Investment concepts

Asset allocation The porportion of funds invested in various catagories of assets, such as money market instruments, long-term debt, stocks, and real estate.
Bear market A falling stock market
Bull market A rising stock market
Capital gain A change in the market value security
Dividend yield The part of the total return associated with the dividendsd paid by the firm. It is computed by divideng the amount of dividends paid by the current stock price.
holding period return( HPR ) The return earned over the period of time that an investment is held, which might be 6 months, 1 year, or 5 years.
Income securities Investments such as preferred stocks and corporate bonds, that offer steady dividends or interest payments.
Limit order An order to buy or sell a stock at no worse than a specified price.
Margin requirement The minimum percentage of the total purchase price that an investor must have to buy stock( or other investment ) on margin.
Margin trading When an investor borrows from his?her broker some portion of the funds needed to purchase an investment.
Margin capitalization The total market value of a firm's stock, which can be computed by muliplying the number of shares outstanding by the market price per share.
Margin order An order to execute a transaction at the best price available when the transaction reaches the market.
Short selling A situatiion in which an ivestor borrows the stock from another investor and then sells it, but promises to replace the stock at a later date.
Stock symbol The trading initials of a company; the reference used by brokers when trades are made and price quotes are retrieved.
Stop order An order that specifies the price at which a market order is initiated.
Street name A situation in which a stock is registered to the brokerage firm, rather than the individual investor.
Created by: $amoney

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