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Medical Terminology

chapter 2-4

Word PartDefinition
-er, -ist one who
-iatrician practitioner
-logist one who studies; specialist
-ac, -al, -ic, -logic, -logical pertaining to(adj.)
-iatrics, -iatry medical profession or treatment
-logy study or science of
cardi(o) heart
crin(o) to secrete
dermat(o) skin
esthi(o) feeling or sensation
gastr(o) stomach
enter(o) intestines
ger(a), ger(o), geront(o) elderly
gynec(o) female
immun(o) immune
ne(o), nat(o) new, birth
neur(o) nerve
obstertr(o) midwife
onc(o) tumor
ophthalm(o) eye
orth(o), ped(o) straight, child somtimes food
ot(o), Laryng(o) ear, larynx
path(o) disease
psych(o) mind
rheumat(o) rheumatism
radi(o) radiant engery
rhin(o) nose
ur(o) urinary tract (sometimes urine)
bi(o) life or living
dent(i), dent(o), odont(o) tooth
opt(o), optic(o) vision
or(o) mouth
pharmac(o) drugs or medicine
therapeut(o) treatment
an- no, not, or without
endo- inside
-crine secrete
-centesis surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
-ectomy excision(surgical removal or cutting out)
-lysis process of loosening, freeing or destroying
-pexy surgical fixation(fastening in a fixed position
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suture(uniting a would by stiches)
-scope instrument used for viewing (also used in diagnostic procedures)
-stomy formation of an opening
-tome an instrument used for cutting
-tomy incision (cutting into tissue)
-tripsy surgical crushing
aden(o) gland
angi(o) vessel
append(o), appendic(o) appendix
blephar(o) eyelid
cerebr(o), encephal(o) brain
chir(o) hand
col(o), colon(o) colon
cutane(o), dermat(o) skin
mamm(o), mast(o) breast
nephr(o), ren(o) kidney
oste(o) bone
tonsill(o) tonsil
vas(o) vessel; ductus deferens (also called vas deferens, excretory duct of the testicles
-algia, -dynia pain
-ectasia, esctasis dilation or streching of a structure or part
-edema swelling
-emesis vomiting
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargment
-oid resembling(forms N and A)
-penia deficiency
-rrhage, -rrhagia excessive bleeding or hemorrhage
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-spasm twitching, cramp
-stasis stopping, controling
-gram a record
-graph an instrument used to record
-graphy the process of recording
ech(o) sound
electr(o) electricity
fluor(o) emittng or reflecting light
radi(o) radiant energy
tom(o) to cut
ultra- excessive
cancer(o), carcin(o) cancer
-cele hernia
-emia condition of the blood
-ia-, iasis condition
-itis inflammation
-lith stone or calculus
-mania excessive preoccupation
-maniac a person who shows excessive preoccupation
-oma tumor
-osis condition(often an abnormal condition; somtimes an increase)
-pathy disease
-phobia abnormal fear
-ptosis prolapse
-able, -ible capable of, able to (adj.)
-an, -ary, -eal, -ive, -tic pertaining to (adj.)
-ase enzyme
-eum, -ium membrane
-ia, -ism condition or theory
-iac one who suffers
-opia vision
-ose sugar
-ous pertaining to or characterized by (adj.)
-y state or condition
cyt(o) cell
-cyte cell
gen(o) begining origin
-genic produced by or in
-genesis producing or forming
kinesi(o) movement
-kinesia, -kinesis movement, motion
leps(o) seizure
-lepsy seizure
log(o) words
lys(o) destruction or dissolving
-lysin that which destroys
-lyctic capable of destroying
megal(o) large, enlarged
metr(o) measure; uterine tissue
phag(o) eat
-phagia, -phagic, -phagy eating, swallowing
phas(o) speech
-phasia speech
plas(o) formation, development
-plasia formation, development
plast(o) repair
pleg(o) paralysis
-plegia paralysis
schis(o), schiz(o), schist(o), split, cleft
schisis split, cleft
scler(o) hard
-sclerosis hardening
scop(o) examine, view
troph(o) nutrition
-trophic, -trophy nutrition
alb(o), albin(o), leuk(o), leuc(o) white
chlor(o) green
cyan(o) blue
erythr(o) red
melan(o) black
xanth(o) yellow
algesi(o) sensitivity to pain
chem(o) chemical
narc(o) stupor
tox(o), toxic(o) posion
-therapy treatment
Created by: bmg4