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Cody 7th gr. SS

Section 1.2 & 1.3

When was the Stone Age? The period of time during which early humans made tools and weapons from stone, wood and bones.
When did the Stone Age end? It ended when people learned to use metal for tools.
What are the three parts of the Stone Age? Old Stone Age, Middle Stone Age, & New Stone Age
How did the people of the Old Stone Age get their food? They were hunter-gatherers (hunting and gathering wild plants).
Which age did most of prehistory occur in? The Old Stone Age.
Why was fire important in the early years? It enabled the people to move to areas with colder weather.
What is a nomad? People who have no settled home.
Why did the people move around? Why were they nomadic? They moved to places that they thought they would find food.
What was the difference between the Old Stone Age and the Middle Stone Age? The people started using more advance tools.
What was characterisitic of the New Stone Age? The people started farming. The people started planting wild gras. They started to grow their own food.
What are pastoral nomads? These are people that moved from place to place so that their animal had place to graze.
What were the roles of men and woman in the Stone Age? Woman planted and men hunted.
What does fertile mean? rich in nutrients that plants need to grow.
What conditions make it good for growing? Long springs and summers, gentle rains
What does domesticate mean? to tame or adapt. Plants and animals can be domesticated.
How do you domesticate plants? Carefully select seeds to get better plants.
During which age did people domesticate animals? The New Stone Age.
What is irrigation? Supplying land with water from another place using a network of canals.
What are some advantages of a settled life? By farming, people had food all year long. By staying put, the families increased in size. With extra food around, some people wee able to do other kinds of work.
What is a surplus? More than what is needed.
What is an artisan? A worker who can craft items by hand. They make baskets, tools, pottery or clothing.
What effect do food surpluses have on people living in settlements? Food surpluses allowed family size to increase, towns to grow, and new types of work to be done.
Where did cities start up the fastest? The started along rivers where the ground was very fertile.
What are some of the rivers that early cities started on? Nile, Euphrates and Tigris
How did early cities differ from farming villages? They had large public buildings like churches and buildings to buy and sell goods. In cities, the people had a large variety of jobs, whereas in farm villages, the people were farmers.
What is a civilization? A society that has cities, a central government run by official leaders, and workers whos specialize in different jobs.
How did the Bronze Age start? People realized they could mix tin and copper together to make a stronger metal called Bronze. They could now make more durable tools and goods.
What developments occurres as societies grew into civilizations? Governments were formed. Leaders were chosen. Workers did specific jobs. Farming was no longer the main job.
How did trade grow? The people invented the wheel. They could move their goods further distances to trade and sell. They also started to build ships to transport their goods.
What is a social class? A group of people having similar backgrounds, income and ways of living.
In the cities, who was the most powerful person? King.
Describe the class structure of large cities. The king was the most important. Then there were the priests and the nobles. Then there wree the artisans, small traders and merchants. On the bottom of the list were the common workers and farmers.
Who were the nobles? government officials and military people
What are slaves? Human beings owned as property.
Created by: cunninev