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J.S. Bach

Baroque composer

When did J.S. Bach live? 1685-1750.
Where was he born? Eisenach in Germany.
What genres did he compose in? Every Baroque genre except opera.
Where were his places of major employment? Weimar(organ works), Anhalt-Cothen(keyboard,chamber,orchestral music), and Leipzig(religious).
What else did he do in Leipzig? He was director of the collegium musicum, a collection of amateur musicians. e.g. Coffee Cantata /Secular cantata.
What did he write for his 2nd wife? Two music notebooks made up of suites. e.g. Notebook for Anna Magdalena Bach 1722, 1725.
What did he write for Frederick the Great? Musical Offering/Chamber music. It was based on a theme given by the king.
What did he write in support of equal temperament? Two books of The Well-Tempered Clavier, each of which contained a prelude and fugue in every key.
He was a master of what texture? Polyphonic as demonstrated in his many fugues. e.g. The Art of Fugue/ Keyboard work.
He used what harmonies? He used both chromatic and dissonant harmonies in his music. e.g. Chromatic Fantasy and Fugue.
What types of organ works did he compose? Virtuosic works, such as Toccata and Fugue in D-.
How did he make large musical structures? He combined two smaller works into one. e.g. Prelude and Fugue in C-.
His works show what national influences? Italian, as shown in his use of ritornello, French, in his ornaments, German, in his counterpoint.
What new instrument did he include in one of his Brandenburg Concertos? The trumpet. He often used new instruments in his orchestra.
What kinds of religious compositions did he compose. Oratorios,(St. Matthew's Passion) Mass,(Mass in B-)and over 200 cantatas,(A Mighty Fortress Is Our God).
Created by: Flacutono