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Chabner, Chapter 1

Language of Medicine, Chapter 1, Basic Word Structure

Combining FormMeaning
aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carcin/o cancerous
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum
cis/o to cut
cyst/o bladder (urinary)
cyt/o cell
derm/o, dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
gynec/o woman, female
hemat/o, hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
iatr/o treatment
leuk/o white
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
ped/o child
psych/o mind
radi/o x ray
ren/o kindey
rhin/o nose
sarc/o malignant
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot, clotting
ur/o urinary tract, urine
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy removal
-emia blood condition
-genic produced by
-gram record, x-ray
-ion process
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-logy study of
-oma tumor
-opsy viewing with a microscope
-osis condition
-pathy disease condition
-scope instrument to visually examine
-scopy process of visually examining
-sis state of
-tomy cutting into
-y process, condition
endo- within
epi- above, upon
ex-, exo- out
hyper- excessive
hypo- deficient
peri- surrounding, around
pro- before, forward
retro- back, behind
sub- below, under
trans- across, through
Created by: Ashleeboden