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X-ray of the large intestines with a contrast medium Barium enema
X-ray of the esophagus only with a contrast medium Barium swallow
Examination of the colon using a flexible endoscope Colonoscopy
Examination of the small intestine made by a tiny video camera placed in a capsule & swallowed Capsule endoscopy
X-ray of the bile duct Cholangiogram
X-ray imaging of the gallbladder obtained after oral ingestion of iodine Cholecystogram
endoscopic procedure including x-ray fluoroscopy to examine the ducts of the liver, gallbladder, biliary ducts & pancreas and may include use of instruments to obtain tissue samples, extract biliary stones & relieve obstructions Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
Images produced using a sonographic transducer within a endoscope to evaluate abnormalities of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts & adjacent structures Endoscopic ultrasonography
Examination of the lining of the esophagus, stomach & duodenum with a flexible endoscope for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes such as biopsy, excision of lesions, removal of swallowed objects, dilatation of obstructions, stent placement Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
A nonionizing imaging using magnetic fields & radiofrequency waves to visualize anatomic structures Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope for diagnostic purposes and/or to perform surgery Laparoscopy
X-ray imaging of the colon after administration of an enema containing a contrast medium Lower GI series
Percutaneous removal of tissue or fluid using a special hollow needle Needle biopsy
Examination of the rectum and anus using a proctoscope Proctoscopy
Examination of the sigmoid colon with a rigid or flexible endoscope Sigmoidoscopy
Isolation of a stool specimen in a culture medium to identify disease causing organisms & if organisms are present, the drugs to which they are sensitive are listed Stool Culture & Sensitivity (C&S)
Chemical test of a stool speciment to detect the presence of blood Stool occult blood study
X-ray of the esophagus, stomach & duodenum after swallowing a contrast medium Upper GI series
The passage into a cavity of a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument for the purpose of removing fluid from the abdomen Abdominal paracentesis
Surgical correction of an abnormal passage from one epithelialized surface to another in the anal region Anal fistulectomy
An operative uonion of two hollow or tubular structures created by surgery, trauma, or disease between two or more normally separate spaces or organs Anastomosis
Any agent that reduces or neutralizes acidity, as of a gastric juice or any other secretion Antacid
A drug that prevents or stops vomiting Antiemetic
A drug that decreases motility in the GI tract to arrest diarrhea or cramps Antispasmodic
Surgical removal of the vermiform appendix Appendectomy
Surgical procedures to the stomach or intestines in the treatment of morbid obesity by limiting the stomach capacity or causing malabsorption of food Bariatric surgery
Drug that causes movement of the bowels, also known as a laxative Cathartic
Repair of the lip Cheiloplasty
Surgical excision of the gallbladder Cholecystectomy
Creation of an opening in the colon through the abdominal wall to create an abdominal anus Colostomy
The act of stretching or enlarging the opening or the lumen of the esophagus Esophageal dilatation
Repair of the esophagus Esophagoplasty
Partial or complete surgical removal of the stomach Gastrectomy
Oral insertion of a tube into the stomach for examination & treatment Gastric lavage
Partial removal and repair of the stomach Gastric resection
Suturing repair of all or part of the tongue Glossorrhaphy
Surgical excision of hemorrhoids Hemorrhoidectomy
Surgical excision of a lobe of the liver Hepatic lobectomy
Surgical repair of a hernia Hernioplasty
Surgical creation of an opening on the abdomen to which the end of the ileum is attached providing a passageway for ileal discharges Ileostomy
Surgical incision into the abdomen Laparotomy
Insertion of a tube through the nose & into the stomach for such purposes as to obtain gastric fluid specimen for analysis Nasogastric intubation
Surgical excision of the pancreas Pancreatectomy
Surgical excision of the polyp Polypectomy
Surgical repair of the anus & rectum Proctoplasty
An agent that blocks the transport of hydrogen ions into the stomach and hence is useful in the treatment of gastric hyperacidity, as observed in ulcer disease Proton Pump inhibitors
Created by: pmm