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MT Ch 5 Quiz

MT Quick and Easy Ch 5

Cell Fundamental Unit of Life
dysplasia abnormal development of tissues and is recognized by cells that differ in size, shape, and appearance
Aplasia Lack of development of an organ or tissue
Hypoplasia below normal development of an organ or tissue
Hyperplasia an abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in tissue
hypertrophy increase in the size of an organ caused by an increase in the size of the cells rather than the number of cells
homeostasis constant internal environment that is naturally maintained by the body
frontal plane divides the body into front and back portions
transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower portions
sagittal plane divides the body into right and left sides
midsagittal plane divides the body into two equal halves
anterior nearer to or toward the front
posterior nearer to or toward the back, dorsal, situated behind
ventral belly side (same as anterior in humans)
dorsal directed toward or situated on the back side (same as posterior side in humans)
medial middle or nearer the middle
lateral toward the side
superior uppermost or above
inferior lowermost or below
proximal position of structures that are nearer their origin or point of attachment
distal far or distant from the origin or point of attachment
ambulatory able to walk
prone lying facedown
supine lying on the back
pronation rotation of the forearm so that the palm faces downward
supination rotation of a joint that allows the palm faces upward
viscera large organs contained in the ventral cavity
peritoneum lining of the abdominopelvic cavity
thorax chest
abdomen the portion of the body trunk that is located between the chest and the pelvis
abdominocentesis surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove excess fluids from the abdominal cavity or to inject a therapeutic agent
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
thoracentesis surgical puncture of the chest wall for aspiration of fluids
omphalorrhexis surgical rupture of the navel
omphalocele congenital herniation of the navel
cephalgia headache
acral pertaining to the extremities of the body
acrocyanosis cyanosis of the extremities (arms and legs appear bluish)
acromegaly disorder in which there is abnormal enlargement of the body extremities, including the nose, jaws, fingers, and toes, caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone after maturity
dactylospasm cramping of a finger or toe
dactylitis inflammation of the bones of the fingers or toes
chirospasm cramping of the hand
onychomycosis disease of the nails caused by a fungus
Created by: MrsSlagter