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Geography:Chapter 2

Section 4: How Climate Affects Vegetation

QuestionAnswer
vegetation plants that grow in an area
tundra an area of cold climate and low-lying vegetation
canopy the layer formed by the uppermost branches of the rain forest
5 broad types of climate tropical, dry, moderate, continental, and polar.
verticle climate The overal weather patterns of a region as influenced by elevation; the higher the elevation, the colder the climate.
Great Plains a region of the United States that supports grasslands and forests
Arctic Circle polar region with tundra vegetation
The features that enable plants to live in their particular climate adaptations
What climate is found in the low latitudes and can either be dry or wet. Tropical climate
What type of vegetation can be found in tropical climates? rain forests with thousands of kinds of plants, from tall trees to vines and ferns.
What climate is arid and semiarid, is very hot and recevies very little rain? dry climates
What kind of vegetation can be found in dry climates? sparse vegetation that grows far apart and has shallow roots. Some plants have small leaves and some plants only flower when it rains. Cacti also grow here.
What type of climate is found in the middle latitudes? Moderate climates
What is the weather like in moderate climates? There are seasonal changes, and temperatures hardly ever fall below freezing.
What are the three types of Moderate Climates? Mediterranean, marine west coast, and humid subtropical.
What type of vegetation can be found in moderate climates? A wide variety of decidious trees (ones that lose their leaves), shrubs, low bushes (scrub), wildflowers, and a variety of grasses.
What is scrub? Low bushes
What type of climate has moderate to hot summers and cold to very cold winders. Continental Climate
What types of vegetation can be found in continental climates? Either grasslands and forests,or short grasses and (sometimes)coniferous forests (trees that needles). Some subartic continental areas have shorter grass because it is cold and drier.
Where are polar climates found? Polar climates are found at high latitudes.
What is the weather like in polar climates? Cold all year round. Short, cold summers and long, even colder winters.
What is the vegetation like in the polar climates? No trees, low shrubs, mosses, lichens, and few flowering plants.
What are lichens? strange plants that grow on the surfaces of rocks
Why is it so cold at the top of mountains? A mountain is an example of vertical climate, where the climate changes according to the mountain's height.
What climate region has the most varied vegetation? Why? Moderate climates because the temperature is rarely freezing and rainfall is moderate.
What do plants need to survive in a particular climate? water, sunlight, and certain nutrients
As you climb a mountain what will you notice? It gets colder and drier and less and less vegetation can be supported.
Why is it so cold at the top of mountains? A mountain is an example of vertical climate, where the climate changes according to the mountain's height.
What climate region has the most varied vegetation? Why? Moderate climates because the temperature is rarely freezing and rainfall is moderate.
What do plants need to survive in a particular climate? water, sunlight, and certain nutrients
As you climb a mountain what will you notice? It gets colder and drier and less and less vegetation can be supported.
Created by: Adamsthornell